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Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

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Facts at a Glance

Pakistan Canada
Official name Islamic Republic of Pakistan Canada
Capital Islamabad Ottawa
Area (in thousands of km2) 796 9,985
Population (in millions) 182.1 (2013) 35.1 (2013)
Population density (per km2) 229 (2013) 3 (2013)
Urban population (% in 2011) 36 81
Human development index (HDI) (ranking) 146 out of 187 countries (2012) 11 out of 187 countries (2012)
Gross national income (GNI) (per capita) US$1,120 (2011) US$45,560 (2011)
GNI at purchasing power parity (PPP)
(per capita)
US$2,880 (2011) US$39,830 (2011)
Population below poverty line at US$1.25 a day (% in 2007-2010) 21.0
Structure of gross domestic product (GDP) (% in 2010)
Agriculture 21 2
Industry 25 32
Services 54 66
Gender inequality index (GII) (ranking) 123 out of 148 countries (2012) 18 out of 148 countries (2012)
Life expectancy at birth (years) 54 (1970)
66 (2012)
73 (1970)
81 (2012)
Mortality rate under 5 years old
(per 1,000 live births)
122 (1990)
72 (2011)
8 (1990)
6 (2011)
Adult literacy rate (% in 2005-2010)
Total 55 99
Men 69 99
Women 40 99
Net primary school enrolment rate
(% in 2007-2011)
Total 74 99
Boys 81 99
Girls 66 100
Population using improved drinking water sources (% in 2010)
Total 92 100
Urban 96 100
Rural 89 99
Ecological footprint
(in global hectares per person in 2008)
0.75 6.43