Government of Canada

Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

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Facts at a Glance

Peru Canada
Official name Republic of Peru Canada
Capital Lima Ottawa
Area (in thousands of km2) 1.285 9,985
Population (in millions) 30.4 (2013) 35.1 (2013)
Population density (per km2) 24 (2013) 3 (2013)
Urban population (% in 2011) 77 81
Human development index (HDI) (ranking) 77 out of 187 countries (2012) 11 out of 187 countries (2012)
Gross national income (GNI) (per capita) US$5,500 (2011) US$45,560 (2011)
GNI at purchasing power parity (PPP)
(per capita)
US$10,160 (2011) US$39,830 (2011)
Population below poverty line at US$1.25 a day (% in 2007-2010) 4.9
Structure of gross domestic product (GDP) (% in 2010)
Agriculture 8 2
Industry 35 32
Services 57 66
Gender inequality index (GII) (ranking) 73 out of 148 countries (2012) 18 out of 148 countries (2012)
Life expectancy at birth (years) 53 (1970)
74 (2012)
73 (1970)
81 (2012)
Mortality rate under 5 years old
(per 1,000 live births)
75 (1990)
18 (2011)
8 (1990)
6 (2011)
Adult literacy rate (% in 2005-2010)
Total 90 99
Men 95 99
Women 85 99
Net primary school enrolment rate
(% in 2007-2011)
Total 95 99
Boys 95 99
Girls 96 100
Population using improved drinking water sources (% in 2010)
Total 85 100
Urban 91 100
Rural 65 99
Ecological footprint
(in global hectares per person in 2008)
2.03 6.43