Errata - This is a listing of the corrections made to the Statistical Report on International Assistance subsequent to its printing, if any.
The terms and definitions used in this report are consistent, where possible, with international reporting standards, such as those agreed upon at the Development Assistance Committee of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD-DAC). For more information, please refer to the Glossary in Annex 5.
Rounding errors (also known as round-off errors) are common occurrences in financial/statistical reporting that exist due to rounding approximations when truncating decimal places. As such, details presented in this report's tables may not add up to exact totals due to rounding. Please note that this report presents financial information on an encashment basis.
The term "international assistance" refers to any financial resource provided by Canadian governments (federal, provincial, or municipal) in favour of development. The terms "international assistance," "international aid," and "aid" are synonymous and are used interchangeably.
Official Development Assistance (ODA), as defined in the Act, is compatible with the international definition created by OECD-DAC. However, unlike the international definition, the Act does not cover assistance from provincial or municipal sources. The table below shows the difference between the Act and the international definition.
International assistance and ODA are not equivalent. Although the majority of Canada's international assistance counts as ODA, some aid does not qualify as such under the Act. In this report, when aid does not qualify as ODA, it is called "other official assistance."
The International Assistance Envelope (IAE) is the main management and budget planning instrument for funding the federal government's portion of Canada's aid. While the majority of Canada's aid is funded by the IAE, it is not the only source of funding. For example, given its conditional and transitory nature, bilateral debt relief is not managed within the IAE framework.
With food prices reaching a 30-year high in early 2011, the poor in developing countries are finding it increasingly difficult to purchase food. Canada responded to this issue in 2010-2011 by investing $345 million. This disbursement brought Canada's total investments in support of sustainable agricultural development to $1.194 billion, exceeding a planned $1.18 billion over three years made at the 2009 G-8 Summit.
The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) was created to dramatically increase resources to fight three of the world's most devastating diseases and to direct those resources to areas of greatest need. In 2010-2011, Canada disbursed $150 million to meet its 2008-2009 commitment to provide $450 million of long-term, predictable financing.
Every year, an estimated 350,000 women die in childbirth and pregnancy in the developing world and eight million children die before their fifth birthday. At the 2010 G-8 Summit, Canada committed $1.1 billion of new funding to the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) in 2010, in addition to maintaining $1.75 billion of existing MNCH funding, for a total of $2.85 billion between 2010 and 2015. In 2010-2011, Canada disbursed $511 million toward MNCH objectives, which includes $149 million in support of Muskoka Initiative objectives.
Canada's commitment to provide climate change financing reflects our support of the 2009 Copenhagen Accord. As part of our commitment to provide fast-start financing, Canada is contributing $1.2 billion in new and additional climate change financing over three years. In 2010-2011, Canada disbursed $396 million toward this commitment. This financing will go toward supporting effort by developing countries to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and adapt to the adverse impacts of climate change, with a focus on three priority areas: adaptation, clean energy, and forests and agriculture.
The Minister of International Cooperation announced in February 2009 that CIDA would increase the proportion of its bilateral country programming in 20 countries of focus in order to concentrate resources, intensify programming, and improve coordination. CIDA's increased focus in bilateral country programs allows Canada to make progress on its aid effectiveness agenda priorities of efficiency, focus, and accountability. In 2010-2011, 88 percent of CIDA's country program budget supported the 20 countries of focus, exceeding the 80-percent target for the fiscal year.
In 2010-2011, Canada continued to exceed its 2005 Gleneagles commitment to double annual aid to Africa from the 2003-2004 level by disbursing $2.17 billion to Africa. The commitment to doubling annual aid to the region encompasses all government departments and agencies delivering aid. This commitment was met in 2008-2009.
At the International Conference on Financing for Development in 2002, Canada committed to doubling its international assistance from 2001-2002 levels. Budget 2010 fulfilled this commitment by increasing the IAE to $5 billion.
In fiscal year 2010-2011, Canada's international assistance levels from all sources (federal, provincial and municipal levels of government) reached more than $5.69 billion. CIDA provided 63 percent ($3.59 billion), the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) provided 9 percent ($486.97 million), and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC) provided 3 percent ($170.88 million). The Department of Finance provided 15 percent ($846.56 million), up from 10 percent ($540.61 million) in 2009-2010, notably due to new programs such as the Fast-Start Climate Change financing as well as other initiatives such as the forgiveness of Haiti's multilateral debt. For more details, please refer to Table A in this report.
In fiscal year 2010-2011, Africa received the largest portion of Canadian international assistance, with $2.17 billion, or 38 percent. Asia received $1.19 billion, 21 percent, the Americas received $851.55 million, 15 percent, and Eastern Europe and the Middle East each received approximately 3 percent, with $196.71 million and $143.28 million, respectively. For more details, please refer to Table D1 in this report.
Detailed below are the top 20 country recipients of Canadian international assistance. The top 3 country recipients in fiscal year 2010-2011 were Haiti, $353.88 million, Afghanistan, $301.7 million, and Ethiopia, $176.66 million. For more details, please refer to Table D2 and Table D3 in this report.
Canada continues to provide assistance to Haiti in the wake of the devastating earthquake that occurred in January 2010 and is playing a major role in recovery, stabilization and reconstruction efforts throughout the country. As a member of the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission, Canada is working closely with the Government of Haiti, its Canadian partners, and its international counterparts to assist the poorest and rebuild Haiti, in line with the Action Plan for Reconstruction and National Development, as well as the priorities of the Government of Haiti.
Canada's activities in Afghanistan are part of a broad international effort that includes more than 60 nations and implementing partners. In November 2010, Canada announced a new role for its continued engagement in Afghanistan to 2014.Building on the significant progress achieved in the areas of security, diplomacy, human rights, and development, Canada's work in Afghanistan between now and 2014 will focus on four key themes:
Canada's international humanitarian assistance reached a total of $568.25 million in 2010-2011: $449.24 million was provided in responsive funding, whereas $119.01 million was provided as long-term institutional support of multilateral organizations.
Pakistan was Canada's top recipient of Canadian humanitarian assistance in 2010-2011. Severe flooding struck Pakistan in late July 2010 due to heavy monsoon rains in various regions of the country. About 20 million people were affected through the destruction of property, livelihoods, and infrastructure, with approximately one-fifth of Pakistan's total land area underwater. Canada provided $79.96 million to the relief effort, of which $71.8 million addressed critical human needs such as food, water, sanitation, emergency medical care, shelter, and essential household goods. Urgently needed equipment, such as bridges, was also provided to help the Government of Pakistan restore links to communities cut off by the flooding and to help local authorities to provide security to those affected by this disaster. Total humanitarian assistance provided by Canada to Pakistan was $91.41 million, which included initiatives not directly related to the flooding.
Critical humanitarian assistance activities in Haiti following the January 2010 earthquake continued in 2010-2011, with Canada providing $49.48 million in humanitarian assistance. This effort supplemented the $181.12 million that was provided in 2009-2010.
Canada's humanitarian assistance also addressed the needs of populations living through complex humanitarian situations. Canada provided funding to Sudan ($36.42 million), the West Bank and Gaza ($32.89 million), and Afghanistan ($29.24 million), among others, allowing those countries to cope with various situations such as internally displaced populations and the consequences of internal conflict.
Long-term institutional support to organizations in 2010-2011 has extended Canada's reach and provided timely, predictable funding that organisations can use in line with their mandate and strategic priorities. For example, long-term institutional support to the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs ($1 million) has facilitated operational coordination in crises, policy, and advocacy initiatives while funds provided to the United Nations World Food Programme ($19 million) have supported sudden onset, protracted and lower profile emergencies. Canada's support to these international institutions contributed to results that have improved the lives of millions of people.
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