Government of Canada

Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

www.international.gc.ca

Canada's International Assistance at Work: Development for Results 2007

Message from the Minister

The Honourable Beverley J. Oda Minister of International Cooperation © ACDI-CIDA

I am pleased to present Canada's International Assistance at Work: Development for Results, the first CIDA report to Canadians to include an overview of our work and stories of our successes. Over many decades, recognizing its international responsibility to those living in poverty around the world, Canada has made a significant contribution to international efforts in countries in every hemisphere.

The stories in this Report exemplify many accomplishments achieved in partnership with other donor countries and non-governmental organizations, improving the lives of families in their communities.

The Report also reflects the role that Canada has played in meeting emerging challenges with support that delivers meaningful results through responsible programming.

We recognize the many Canadian organizations and individuals who have worked with CIDA to meet the challenges faced by people living in extreme poverty, victimized by natural disasters or unable to benefit from free, open, stable governments.

We will continue efforts to increase our aid effectiveness. In 2008, I had the pleasure of announcing that Canada made the commitment to fully untie Canadian aid. This means that we are ensuring Canada gets the best value for money with its aid dollars and gives developing countries greater opportunities to use our aid rapidly, efficiently, and effectively. All Canadians can take pride in our international efforts.

The Honourable Beverley J. Oda
Minister of International Cooperation


Reducing Poverty

There are places in the world where girls are more likely to die giving birth before the age of 15 than to get a basic primary education, or where children frequently die from drinking unclean water or are denied access to services because their parents are too poor to pay for registering their birth.

Poverty isn't just about money: it's also about security, rights, access, and empowerment. It's about life and death.

In 2006-2007, thanks to the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) and its numerous partners, people all over the world saw their lives improved.

CIDA contributed to meeting the food needs of more than 87 million vulnerable people in some 78 countries. CIDA supplied treatments for one million tuberculosis sufferers and helped thousands of families affected by natural disasters. In Afghanistan, more than 330,000 poor people-most of them women-were assisted in starting small businesses. Haiti registered 3.5 million voters and held successful elections. In Pakistan, CIDA helped to create a free legal aid service that helps women victims of violence take their cases to court. CIDA assisted the governments of Senegal and Tanzania in increasing literacy and the number of children in school. In Honduras, CIDA has been a major player in ensuring access to safe drinking water for 250,000 people.

Mali

In Mali, Canada's support for the school feeding program of the World Food Programme (WFP) helped 11-year-old Mariam Walet Mohamed to attend school.

Offering lunch to hungry children has been proven to increase school attendance and help children learn by addressing their hunger and malnutrition. In Mali, where girls must often help their families meet basic needs for water and fuel and therefore are denied an education, the WFP has developed an innovative approach: in addition to providing boys and girls with a meal at school, girls are offered rations to take home, encouraging parents to send their daughters to school.

From 2003 to 2006, Canada provided $75 million to the WFP's school feeding program in Africa, helping to ensure that more than one million children had access not only to nutritious meals, but also to primary education. The focus of Canada's effort was in Ethiopia, Mali, Mozambique, Senegal, and Tanzania. Based on these results, the Government of Canada committed in 2007 to provide a further $125 million over five years to support the WFP's goal of feeding and improving the school attendance of children in Africa.


Addressing Global Poverty

CIDA focuses on facilitating economic growth, supporting social development such as access to education and health care, and strengthening governance, including respect for human rights. Equality between women and men and environmental considerations are systematically integrated into CIDA's programming and policy.

CIDA supports food security by providing food aid in emergency situations and by supporting longerterm agriculture and nutrition initiatives.

The Government of Canada's effort is a whole-ofgovernment approach. Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada supports peace and security initiatives such as post-conflict peacebuilding. Finance Canada participates in debt-relief initiatives that encourage heavily indebted poor countries to use more of their own resources for development programs, rather than for interest payments.

The International Development Research Centre (IDRC) is a global leader, working with researchers from the developing world to build societies that are healthier, more equitable, and more prosperous. In 2006-2007, the IDRC had 524 active research projects with more than 200 institutions in some 50 countries.

Canadians also have an important role to play in making a difference. Canada's not-for-profit and voluntary organizations work tirelessly to bring an end to global poverty. Canadian private sector enterprises also contribute to development, bringing jobs, incomes, and an improved standard of living to those around the world. Individual Canadians generously support international development and humanitarian assistance with their donations of hundreds of millions of dollars every year.

The Government of Canada is committed to making Canadian assistance effective and sustainable in its work with international organizations and Canadian non-governmental organizations.


Bangladesh—A Gift that Keeps on Giving

Fifteen years ago her husband died, leaving Korimon, then 25, hardly able to afford one meal a day for herself or her five children.

Then Korimon was selected by the Bangladesh Rural Advancement Committee, a local non- governmental organization, to participate in their Challenging the Frontiers of Poverty Reduction (CFPR) program, supported by CIDA and other donors. Having expressed an interest in rearing cows, she received three days of intensive livestock-maintenance training. When her studies were done, she was given two cows, which provided enough milk for her family and a surplus to sell. One cow gave birth to a calf. Korimon and her family have overcome malnourishment as they can now afford three meals a day. Repairs to her house and a sanitary latrine are now possible. Once illiterate, Korimon now writes her name, knows basic accounting, and is aware of her basic rights. She now recognizes the importance of education, and other social and legal issues affecting her family and her business.

Beginning in 2002, by 2007, the CFPR had expanded its initial coverage from 100,000 extremely poor women and their households to 800,000, or nearly five million beneficiaries in total. As a result, 92 percent of them no longer require any further support to stay out of extreme poverty. The CFPR model is now being studied by governments and non-governmental organizations around the world, such as in Pakistan, India, East Africa, and Haiti.


Looking Forward, Achieving More Results

In 2006-2007, CIDA had more than 2,000 operational projects with various Canadian and international partners working to alleviate global poverty at the village, district, state, country, and regional levels.

Canadian assistance is provided under diverse conditions, and numerous factors contribute to achieving results. One of the keys to effective and sustainable aid is the leadership of developing countries themselves. Their ownership and capacity to meet development challenges is critical to long-term change. Working with other development agencies, international organizations, and civil society, Canada is sharing experiences and pooling resources and expertise to make aid more effective.

To better support long-term poverty reduction, the government is changing the way that CIDA works.

With increased coordination, setting of common goals and a strong focus on achieving results, Canada will continue to be a leader in the global effort to reduce poverty.


Advancing Economic Growth

© ACDI-CIDA/Roger LeMoyne

Promoting private sector development is a proven way to advance economic growth and reduce global poverty. The private sector provides employment and income for the poor, and tax revenues for government.

CIDA supports the efforts of developing countries to create the proper conditions for economic growth. Programs focus on three areas: building a sound enabling environment for doing business; promoting entrepreneurship through access to credit, skills, and knowledge; and supporting entrepreneurs to connect to national and international markets.

Through microfinancing initiatives, women are able to establish small enterprises and earn income to support their families. In 2006-2007, CIDA provided support to 89 microfinancing initiatives in more than 26 countries.

In most of the developing world, agriculture is the primary economic driver. Through CIDA support, farmers are gaining access to credit to buy more seeds or learning new techniques for improving crop yields. They can prove their ownership of the land they farm, and benefit from established or strengthened systems to register ownership in a formal way.

Ghana - The Nuts and Bolts of Building Prosperity

The manager of the Nsawkaw Cashew Nut Processing Company, Paul Adjei, now employs 40 women thanks to Canadian assistance to the Government of Ghana's program in the agriculture sector. This program enabled the company to add a warehouse, team up with other small firms, and maintain year-round processing operations. This is one example of how Canadian support for governance and economic growth in Ghana translates into an improvement in the lives and prosperity of the Ghanaian people.

Canada's direct contributions to the Government of Ghana's strategy for food and agriculture, along with other donors, has resulted in average growth of 5 percent each year. Sixty percent of Ghana's total workforce is employed in this sector. Today, Ghana has one of the best-performing economies in Africa. Inflation has been cut almost in half from 21 percent to 11 percent in 2007. Poverty levels have decreased in the past 15 years, dropping from 51.7 percent to 28.5 percent. Primary school enrolment is now at 91 percent.

Four free and fair elections, with peaceful transitions between elected governments, have taken place since 1992.

Sri Lanka - Training for Tomorrow

CIDA has supported vocational training in Sri Lanka since 1989, much of it in conflict-affected areas. By 2007, more than 20,000 people had received vocational training and are now working themselves and their families out of poverty. Over the past four years, Canadian support for vocational training in Sri Lanka has helped 5,198 men and 3,138 women to access training programs. Of the graduates, 63 percent (45 percent of them women) have found employment. The project also supports 46 local vocational training partners, including civil society organizations and government organizations, ensuring they have the necessary facilities, administrative support, and trained personnel to provide high-quality training. After the devastating tsunami of December 2004, the project was expanded to assist employment creation in affected coastal communities.

This successful initiative has attracted significant additional support from other donors, including Norway, Australia, the Netherlands, the United States, the Asian Development Bank, and UNICEF. Today, training is provided to help students find employment and open small businesses as car mechanics, plumbers, electricians, air conditioning and refrigeration technicians, and leather workers.

Caribbean - Strength in Numbers

Countries with small populations and small economies need to work together if they are to increase prosperity. Where development challenges extend beyond borders or are shared by many countries, they must be addressed regionally.

Canada's development assistance to the Caribbean is one of its oldest programs, predating CIDA. The 12 island states and 3 continental countries of the Caribbean Community and Common Market require more skilled workers and share vulnerability to natural disasters, external markets, and a dependence on tourism.

CIDA's regional program for the Caribbean supports the efforts of Caribbean countries to work together on mitigating natural disasters, addressing variable terms of trade, and reducing the high cost of public services. Canada is the largest donor to the newly created Caribbean Catastrophe Risk Insurance Facility, created in 2007 to help governments finance immediate post-disaster recovery initiatives. Through another CIDA-funded project, eastern Caribbean states today have improved their financial management systems and significantly increased tax revenues, and reduced their budget deficits. This is vitally important in a region that has half of the 20 most highly indebted emerging market economies in the world (highest public debt per person ratios).


Contributing to Food Security

Food security means that everyone has access to enough nutritious food to meet their daily needs-both today and for the future-as populations grow. Rapidly rising costs for oil, energy, and fertilizer, among other factors, have had an impact on food and transportation prices, redefining the world food situation.

CIDA's approach to food security includes providing food aid, supporting agriculture, and promoting nutrition.

In 2006, Canada's food aid contributed to meeting the needs of some 87 million vulnerable people in more than 78 countries. Canada continues to support the Canadian Foodgrains Bank and the World Food Programme (WFP). Canada was ranked as WFP's fourth-largest contributor in 2006 and its third-largest in 2007.

Agriculture is both a source of food and the occupation of most of the world's very poor people. It is one of the key engines of the global economy. It provides livelihoods and subsistence for the largest number of people worldwide.

CIDA helps countries build their national capacities to produce and market food, use new and traditional knowledge effectively, ensure food security for all their people, manage natural resources in a sustainable manner, and develop efficient markets. Research shows that countries with the highest rate of agricultural growth per worker have the fastest pace of rural poverty reduction.

"Well fed" doesn't automatically mean "well nourished." For example, rice, corn, and sorghum—three of the world's staple crops—lack vitamin A. Without it, young children are at risk of going blind—even dying. CIDA is contributing to the development of basic staples with higher contents of micronutrients. And through CIDA, Canada is the world's leading donor of both vitamin A supplementation and salt iodization.

"CIDA, the Government of Canada, and the people of Canada are indeed helping make the world a better place. We want to thank the Government of Canada for being one of our most secure and creative partners on the front lines of hunger."

- Josette Sheeran, Executive Director,
World Food Programme

Afghanistan - Food for a Better Tomorrow in Afghanistan

In 2007, Canada was among the top donors to the World Food Programme (WFP) in Afghanistan, which provided food aid to more than six million people.

© WFP

Food aid is delivered to vulnerable people and populations, including drought-affected families, civilians affected by conflict or disaster, refugees who have returned to the country, and internally displaced persons.

The WFP's food-for-work programs support community-improvement projects that are selected according to community needs and available assets. More than three million people in Afghanistan participated in such programs in 2007.

In partnership with UNICEF, the WFP's food-for-education programs provide opportunities for adults to address their families' monthly food needs while gaining literacy skills. More than two million people in Afghanistan participated in food-for-education initiatives in 2007.

Ethiopia - Restoring Land, Feeding People

In 2006-2007, Canada was one of the largest donors to Ethiopia's own Productive Safety Net Program.

This program is tackling some of the underlying causes of chronic food insecurity, such as land degradation. At the same time, the program helps to meet the food requirements of the most impoverished people in the country for three to six months each year-between harvests.

Beneficiaries participate in food-for-work activities focused on land rehabilitation and conservation, and social infrastructure such as rural roads, schools, and health clinics.

Between 2005 and 2007, together with other donors, CIDA's support for this initiative helped provide food to more than seven million people. It also mobilized community labour for the rehabilitation of degraded land through the planting of more than 80 million trees, the construction of more than 1.3 million kilometres of embankments to reduce soil erosion and conserve water, and the digging of 110,000 ponds to harvest rain-water for agriculture.


Making a Difference in Health and Education

Education is widely recognized as a human right and one of the single best development investments a country can make. It contributes to better health, higher incomes, and increased participation in community life, particularly when girls are educated.

Good health is an essential ingredient to longterm sustainable development: it helps students to learn; workers to produce; parents to nurture; and men, women, and children to take active and constructive roles in their communities.

Canada has earned the reputation of being a world leader in child-centred, girl-friendly education; supporting the fight against leading infectious diseases, including HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, malaria, and polio; and saving lives through innovative programming in maternal and child health.

Mozambique - Learning Success

"Learning and reading books in my language makes me like going to school, and makes learning new things fun and easy," says Aida, a student from Mueda, in the Cabo Delgado district of Mozambique. Canadian support provided 11.5 million textbooks, workbooks, and teacher manuals to the country's 4.5 million primary school students and their teachers in 2006 alone.

Studies show that in sub-Saharan Africa, every additional year of school that a girl receives will increase her future household income by 10 percent, delay the age at which she will marry, and make it more likely that her children will survive to adulthood. Education means a better life.

Recognizing the effectiveness of this kind of assistance, the Government of Canada will increase bilateral funding to Africa's education sector from $100 million in 2005-2006 to $150 million annually by 2010-2011.

The quality of Mozambican schools is being improved through partnerships among the Government of Mozambique, Canada and other donors, UNICEF, Canadian organizations such as CODE, and Mozambican organizations such as Progresso. Together we are:

  • building schools and equipping them with desks and basic supplies;
  • training teachers; and
  • providing textbooks in the local language that reflect the lives and concerns of students.

In 2006, enrolment in Mozambican primary schools reached 87 percent. More children, including girls, are attending primary school than ever before.

Bed Nets Save Lives

In malaria-endemic areas, a mosquito bite can be deadly. Around the world, malaria caused the deaths of 780,000 children under the age of five in 2006 alone. It is also particularly dangerous for pregnant women to contract malaria.

Malaria-carrying mosquitoes tend to bite at night. Sleeping under insecticide-treated bed nets has been shown to reduce child deaths from malaria by approximately 20 percent.

By December 2006, CIDA's support to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM) had contributed to providing antiretroviral treatment for HIV for 770,000 people (increased from 384,000 in the previous year), tuberculosis treatment to 2 million people (double the number in the previous year) and 18 million insecticide-treated bed nets to protect families from malaria (135 percent more than the previous year). As a result of these initiatives, approximately 1.8 million lives have been saved since 2002. The GFATM has become the primary funding agency for a broad range of malaria initiatives, and CIDA is among its top donors.

CIDA also provided more than $43 million between 2003 and mid-2007 for the distribution of bed nets in Africa through partners such as UNICEF, the Canadian Red Cross, and World Vision. This funding enabled the distribution of more than 4.5 million bed nets, saving the lives of an estimated 128,000 children.

"Canadian Red Cross is extremely grateful for Canada's continued commitment to improving the lives of vulnerable people around the world, especially in Africa. Together, we are supporting proven and cost-effective initiatives that will address the urgent, unmet needs of countries that bear a very high burden of malaria."

- Dr. Pierre Duplessis, former Secretary-General,
Canadian Red Cross

A Cross-Border Campaign for Health in the Americas

From the chilly heights of the Andes mountains to the hot, humid Amazon River basin, families living there face a common problem: staying healthy.

The enormously varied geography of South America is no barrier to communicable diseases. Canada supports the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) in providing technical assistance to ministries of health, health institutions, and universities in selected countries within the Americas.

PAHO, in cooperation with its member states, has developed regional strategies to share the information, expertise, and experience needed to prevent and control communicable diseases such as rubella, tuberculosis, dengue, and sexually transmitted infections, including HIV/AIDS.

This support delivers results across international borders. Almost all of the countries of the Americas have implemented vaccination interventions to reduce vulnerability to measles and rubella and to prevent future congenital rubella syndrome cases. More than 145 million men and women, children and adolescents have been vaccinated against measles and rubella. Before 1990, only six countries in the region included the rubella vaccine in their routine childhood vaccination programs. As of 2006, all newborns have access to rubella-containing vaccines.

By re-engaging with the people of South America on the issue of health, the Government of Canada is helping to strengthen regional institutions and create a safer, healthier environment for everyone from the lowland jungles to the highlands of the Americas.


Democratic Governance and Human Rights

Democratic governance is vital for effective development. Better governance leads to more rapid economic growth and to less inequality, child mortality, and illiteracy. A governance system that is open, responsive, and democratic allows everyone to voice their needs and aspirations and to attain their human rights. Democratic governments are elected to make sound choices that benefit everyone, including the most vulnerable.

Democratic governance is a cornerstone of Canada's international assistance program. CIDA works to build effective, accountable governments, promote democratic participation, and ensure equality and non-discrimination both at the country and regional levels. Its investments in this area are focused on four core areas: political freedom, human rights, the rule of law, and accountable public institutions.

Between 2006 and 2007, CIDA deployed some 420 Canadians to observe elections in Haiti, the Democratic Republic of Congo, West Bank and Gaza, Armenia, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgystan, Serbia, Tajikistan, Ukraine, and Indonesia (Aceh).

Defending the People in Bolivia

As Bolivia works on strengthening democracy and improving respect for human rights and the rule of law, Canada is working with partners to support the Government of Bolivia's efforts and to improve citizens' awareness of their rights and access to justice.

Canada played a leadership role in establishing the National Ombudsman's Office in Bolivia, and continues to provide essential funding and expertise to support its ongoing strengthening and operations. The mandate of the office is to monitor respect for human rights in the activities of all government departments and to promote human rights in the wider community. By March 2007 the office had successfully remedied more than 7,400 human rights violations, trained 4,000 military and police personnel to respect human rights, and launched an anti-discrimination campaign on 129 radio and television stations.

The National Ombudsman's Office is now consistently rated as the most respected public institution in Bolivia after the Catholic Church.

Africa - Parliamentarians Against Corruption

© ACDI-CIDA/Roger LeMoyne

With CIDA support, the Parliamentary Centre of Canada has worked with the African Parliamentarians Network Against Corruption to fight corruption in Africa through the Africa-Canada Parliamentary Strengthening Program. In 2006-2007, the program successfully delivered anticorruption training to 645 people across Africa, the majority of them parliamentarians, with some parliamentary staff and non-governmental organization personnel. This initiative led to new anticorruption legislation, including the ratification of the United Nations Convention against Corruption, and amendments to parliamentary, legislative, and electoral practices in several countries. The program also helped create greater parliamentary oversight and reinforced financial accountability in areas such as poverty reduction, gender issues, and HIV/AIDS.

In addition, the program helped create a new African training centre for parliamentarians, the Africa Poverty Reduction Office, based in Ghana. Several other donors were impressed with the program's results, and are now supporting the centre and its training activities.

"The oversight provided by parliament ensures that government is accountable for all resources, including aid funds. By tying government expenditures to outcomes, parliament ensures that the effectiveness of available resources, including aid funds, is achieved."

- Anne Makinda, MP, Deputy Speaker of the Parliament of Tanzania.

Ukraine - Supporting Democratic Elections in Ukraine

Between 2006 and 2007, 104 Canadians participated as election observers in Ukraine's parliamentary elections through the election observation missions of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE). Among them were 12 long-term observers, who observed not just the election processes, but also the political rallies and media coverage in the weeks leading up to the elections. These missions played an important role in assuring Ukrainians and the international community that the elections were held according to international practices.

In addition to sending election observers, Canada, through the OSCE, has been helping Ukraine completely overhaul its electoral practices and procedures, which had been hastily put in place following the country's independence from the Soviet Union.

As a result of Canada's support, more citizens are aware of their voting rights and responsibilities; electronic voter lists now exist throughout the country; 90,000 election officials have been trained; and guidelines to promote fair media coverage and non-partisan access to that media are in place, with 15,000 copies distributed to the media and departments of journalism in national universities.

Election support is just one component of Canada's broader commitment to support freedom and democracy abroad.


Providing Humanitarian Assistance and Emergency Relief

Hurricanes, earthquakes, floods, and conflicts affect people all over the world. With 9 out of 10 of the victims living in developing countries, the challenges can be enormous. When disaster strikes, Canada works quickly with experienced partners to provide emergency relief where it is needed most. In 2006 alone, CIDA provided assistance for many emergencies, including the earthquake in Indonesia, persons internally displaced due to civil strife in East Timor, the conflict in Lebanon, flooding in the Horn of Africa, and the typhoon in the Philippines.

A response to a natural disaster can be made within hours through established channels coordinated by the Red Cross Movement, the United Nations, and non-governmental organizations present on-site.

The Canadian government ensures that supplies, expertise, and responsible distribution to victims is part of its disaster response. When a crisis hits and the needs of the affected communities exceed the capacity of their government to respond, Canada and governments around the world can provide assistance through an established international humanitarian-response system.

Lebanon

Conflict between Israel and Lebanon in the summer of 2006 left nearly 700,000 Lebanese homeless.

Through partnership with the World Food Programme (WFP), CIDA helped provide 13,000 tonnes of emergency food assistance to more than 800,000 people.

In collaboration with the World Health Organization and UNICEF, CIDA helped support primary and mental health services as well as provide emergency medicines and medical supplies to thousands of affected families.

CIDA's contribution to Save the Children Canada provided support through access to basic health care, the provision of health kits, the establishment of safe play areas providing structured activities and learning opportunities, as well as landmine risk awareness activities to more than 200,000 children and youth affected by the conflict.

Indonesia

More than 1.5 million people were left homeless after the devastating earthquake that struck the Yogyakarta region in Indonesia in May 2006.

© ACDI-CIDA/Nick Westover

With CIDA support:

  • The International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies provided emergency relief packages consisting of tents, tarpaulins, and basic household supplies to more than 119,000 families;
  • Oxfam Canada provided emergency assistance, including access to safe latrines and other basic sanitation facilities, to 31,600 people with children in 45 primary schools; and
  • UNICEF's emergency response program provided safe drinking water, access to sanitation facilities, and basic hygiene kits to 25,000 people affected by the earthquake.

Sudan

In 2006, Canada's support to the World Food Programme (WFP) helped provide lifesaving emergency food aid to an estimated 6.1 million people affected by conflict or post-conflict situations across Sudan.

Canadian funding to the International Committee of the Red Cross helped to shelter 240,000 people; provide food, seeds, and tools for 120,000; and provide access to potable water for 300,000. With support from CIDA, Oxfam-Québec and World Vision Canada were able to provide access to clean water and hygiene facilities for 116,000 people in Darfur and southern Sudan.

In 2006, Canadian support provided to the Islamic Development and Relief Foundation allowed for the relocation of 5,383 internally displaced persons (IDPs) to a new camp extension area outside of Al Geneina in wartorn western Darfur. Local materials were distributed for shelters, latrines and showers were constructed to meet sanitation needs, and hand pumps were installed to provide access to potable water. In addition, more than 19,660 IDPs from the community, neighbouring camps, and outside areas benefited from continuous services provided by the camp clinic and through the maintenance of water access points.


Rebuilding Afghanistan

Afghanistan, one of the world's most impoverished countries, is slowly recovering from decades of war and oppression. At the invitation of the Government of Afghanistan, the first democratically elected government in three decades, Canada, working with more than sixty other countries and organizations, is helping to rebuild the country. This international effort is guided by the priorities of the Afghanistan Compact: security, governance, and socio-economic development.

To address the challenges, Canada, as a top-five donor in 2007-2008, firmly believes that donor countries must work together on development and reconstruction efforts that will ensure real progress is made. Achieving this goal means combatting poverty; rebuilding communities and institutions; restoring basic services; developing human and physical capital; and promoting human rights, security, and sound governance while ensuring that women have equal access to such progress. It means establishing secure and stable conditions in which reconstruction and development can flourish.

In January 2008 an independent panel of Canadian experts recognized that development progress is being achieved in Afghanistan, but it also highlighted areas for improvement in Canada's development approach. At the request of Prime Minister Harper, a committee of Canadian Cabinet ministers is now leading a whole-of-government approach based on a new parliamentary consensus and recommendations set out by the panel. The government is committed to delivering on our commitments in Afghanistan, and to achieving results that are visible to Canadians and to the people of Afghanistan.

Afghanistan

In 2001 only 700,000 Afghan children, all of them boys, were enrolled in school; by 2008 nearly six million children, one third of them girls, were enrolled.

With the help of CIDA, more than seven million children are being vaccinated against polio.

More than 20,000 locally elected councils have been established nationwide to oversee community development projects in critical areas such as irrigation, water sanitation and supply, and transportation. More than 18,000 projects have been completed.

Nearly 1.3 billion square metres of land-an area equivalent to 175,000 football fields-has been cleared of landmines.

In 2007 at least 15,000 tonnes of food was distributed to more than 550,000 people in the province of Kandahar, and some 30,000 people received functional literacy training through food-for-education programs.

More than 80 percent of Afghans now have access to basic health care, up from 9 percent just a few years ago.

Credit Where Credit is Needed

Thanks to a small loan through a Canadian-supported fund providing financial services in Afghanistan, Najiba, a young widow supporting two daughters, was able to buy seamstress supplies, and now earns a decent living selling her quilts.

Canada is proud to be the leading donor to the award-winning Microfinance Investment Support Facility for Afghanistan (MISFA) program, which has provided more than 428,000 small loans and savings services to vulnerable Afghans such as Najiba, who would otherwise be unable to access them.

"Canada is leading by example, spending its reconstruction and development funds on projects that build loyalty and trust that are led by local people, with outsiders playing a supportive and catalytic role."

- Seema Patel,
Centre for Strategic and International Studies,
February 2007


Progress and Hope in Haiti

Haiti is the poorest country in the western hemisphere: more than 70 percent of its 8.3 million people live below the poverty line. Canadian support to the country is focusing on improving governance and public institutions, access to services, meeting essential needs, and social stabilization. The goal is to help Haiti become more stable and meet the basic needs of its people.

Canada is using a whole-of-government approach in this complex environment. For example, CIDA is working with Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada to strengthen Haiti's security and justice systems. And the Agency is liaising with the Royal Canadian Mounted Police, which sends officers to work with the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and the Haitian National Police.

"Canada's human, political, and financial engagement in Haiti is important, and it has brought international attention to that country. "

- Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2007

National ID cards were provided to 3.5 million voters, allowing them to be put on the voter list and to cast their ballots in the 2006 presidential elections. During the past three years, Canadian specialists trained dozens of Haitian journalists to improve the quality and objectivity of media coverage.

Between 2004 and 2007, 29,000 children were educated in 120 schools in the Nippes and southeast regions; 1,000 teachers received training in the Artibonite region, benefiting more than 40,000 children in 130 schools.

During the same period, 50,000 people in the towns of Pilate, Dondon, Thibeau, Desarmes, and Bwadlorens gained access to clean water.

Haiti - Encouraging Progress in Protecting Health in Artibonite

© ACDI-CIDA/Jean-François LeBlanc

The people of Artibonite, a district in Haiti, are determined to fight the spread of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and HIV/AIDS. In tandem with the local community and supported by CIDA, an initiative of two Canadian non-governmental organizations, the Centre de coopération internationale en santé et développement and the Center for International Studies and Cooperation, is making a difference.

Health-care workers were trained in the management of STIs and access to generic drugs was provided. Now, 99 percent of health-care institutions in Bas-Artibonite are offering community services and a full range of STI medication. With public-education sessions and cooperation with local partners, more than 350,000 people have been reached by the project.

The Artibonite region has witnessed a substantial increase in the number of people being prevent-atively screened for HIV.


The Vital Role of Partnership

Virtually nothing in the sphere of international development happens without effective partnerships.The challenge of reducing poverty around the world is too big for any single government or organization to tackle alone.

Working in partnership is key to success. CIDA works with a variety of trusted partners, including aid agencies from other donor countries, international organizations and non-governmental organizations in Canada and abroad. Also vital to success are the governments and people of developing countries who often lead and run programs. This ensures that progress is sustainable over the long term.

In all of this work, CIDA depends on the support and involvement of Canadians. Canadians are the force behind Canada's international aid work and are motivated by a common goal: to demonstrate compassion for those who are less fortunate.

The Micronutrient Initiative

In November 2006, Helen Keller International presented its International Development Award to CIDA for global leadership in vitamin A supplementation. Providing vitamin A to children under the age of five has been shown to reduce their risk of death by an average of 23 percent and to protect against blindness. Since 1998, with CIDA's support, the Ottawa-based Micronutrient Initiative has procured more than five billion vitamin A capsules, which were distributed to children under the age of five through various partners, principally UNICEF, Helen Keller International, and health ministries in developing countries.

According to UNICEF, Canada's support for the delivery of Vitamin A supplements saved more than 2.1 million lives between 1998 and 2005. This effort continued through 2006-2007.

Mali - Lifesaving Cooperation

In Mali, Tacko survived a difficult childbirth, thanks to Canadian support for health care in her remote home district of Kayes.

When Tacko's labour took a dangerous turn, an emergency radio system purchased with CIDA funding made possible a quick response by paramedics and Tacko's evacuation to a hospital, where she underwent a successful Caesarean section. CIDA and its partners, UNICEF and the United Nations Population Fund, had also funded training for paramedics and other medical staff in the Kayes regional health directorate. Emergency radios have now been distributed to rural health centres throughout the region.

The survival of mothers such as Tacko and their families is also being helped by technical assistance from a consortium of CIDA partners, comprising the Unité de santé internationale de l'Université de Montréal, CARE Canada, and the Canadian Society for International Health. The consortium had carried out a study of the health system in Kayes and in the region of Ségou. The study's recommendations and the partners' continued technical assistance will help the Government of Mali implement its long-term health-sector development plans.

Thanks to these initiatives, along with Mali's own efforts, the number of deaths of pregnant women who needed emergency treatment was reduced by 50 percent.


Main CIDA Partners

CIDA works in partnership with and supports Canadian, international and multilateral organizations. The lists below include, in alphabetical order, the main CIDA partners in 2006-2007. Individuals, government bodies, and paragovernmental entities are not included in these lists. The complete list of CIDA partners is available in CIDA's statistical report.

Canadian Organizations

  • Aga Khan Foundation Canada (AKFC)
  • Alternatives
  • Association of Canadian Community Colleges (ACCC)
  • Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada (AUCC)
  • Canada World Youth (CWY)
  • CANADEM
  • Canadian Agro-Sustainability Partnership
  • Canadian Bureau for International
  • Education (CBIE)
  • Canadian Co-operative Association (CCA)
  • Canadian Council for International Cooperation (CCIC)
  • Canadian Crossroads International (CCI)
  • Canadian Executive Service Organization (CESO)
  • Canadian Foodgrains Bank (CFGB)
  • Canadian Labour Congress (CLC)
  • Canadian Lutheran World Relief (CLWR)
  • Canadian Manufacturers and Exporters (CME)
  • Canadian Nurses Association (CAN)
  • Canadian Physicians for Aid and Relief (CPAR)
  • Canadian Public Health Association (CPHA)
  • Canadian Red Cross Society
  • Canadian Society for International Health (CSIH)
  • Canadian Teachers' Federation (CTF)
  • Canadian Urban Institute (CUI)
  • CARE Canada
  • Centre de coopération internationale en santé et développement (CCISD)
  • Centre d'études et de coopération internationale (CECI)
  • CHF Partners in Rural Development
  • Christian Reformed World Relief Committee (CRWRC)
  • Club 2/3
  • CODE (Canadian Organization for Development through Education)
  • CUSO
  • Development and Peace
  • Développement international Desjardins (DID)
  • Doctors Without Borders
  • EQUITAS—International Centre for Human Rights Education
  • Federation of Canadian Municipalities (FCM)
  • Fondation Jules et Paul-Émile Léger
  • Fondation Paul Gérin-Lajoie (FPGL)
  • Grant MacEwan College
  • Institute of Public Administration of Canada (IPAC)
  • Inter Pares
  • International Centre for Sustainable Cities (ICSC)
  • International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD)
  • McGill University Office of International Research
  • Mennonite Central Committee Canada (MCC Canada)
  • Mennonite Economic Development Associates (MEDA)
  • National Judicial Institute (NJI)
  • Ontario Centre for Environmental Technology Advancement
  • Operation Eyesight Universal
  • Oxfam Canada
  • Oxfam-Québec
  • Parliamentary Centre
  • Pearson Peacekeeping Centre
  • Plan International Canada Inc.
  • Presbyterian World Service and Development
  • Primate's World Relief and Development Fund
  • Rights and Democracy (International Centre for Human Rights and Democracy)
  • Rooftops Canada
  • Saskatchewan Trade and Export Partnership (STEP)
  • Save the Children Canada
  • Simon Fraser University
  • Société de coopération pour le développement international (SOCODEVI)
  • SUCO (Solidarité Union Coopération)
  • The North-South Institute
  • Université de Montréal (CHUM) — Unité de santé internationale
  • Université de Sherbrooke
  • University of New Brunswick
  • University of Saskatchewan
  • University of Waterloo
  • UPA Développement international (UPA-DI)
  • USC Canada
  • Voluntary Service Overseas Canada (VSO)
  • War Child Canada
  • World University Service of Canada (WUSC)
  • World Vision Canada

Multilateral Organizations

  • African Development Bank (AfDB)
  • Asian Development Bank (AsDB)
  • Caribbean Development Bank (CDB)
  • Global Environment Facility (GEF)
  • Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria (GFATM)
  • Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
  • United Nations Central Emergency
  • Response Fund (CERF)
  • United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF)
  • United Nations Development Programme (UNDP)
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)
  • United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA)
  • United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA)
  • World Bank
  • World Food Programme (WFP)
  • World Health Organization (WHO)

International Non-governmental Organizations and Initiatives

  • Helen Keller International (HKI)
  • International AIDS Vaccine Initiative (IAVI)
  • International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT)
  • International Partnerships for Microbicides (IPM)
  • International Planned Parenthood Federation (IPPF)
  • International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC)
  • International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC)
  • Micronutrient Initiative
  • The Royal Netherlands Tuberculosis Association
  • World Organization for Animal Health (OIE)

Youth and Volunteer Cooperation: Canadian Values at Work

With support from CIDA and more than a hundred voluntary and private sector organizations, some 2,500 volunteers and 400 young graduates from all walks of life and parts of Canada shared their talents and expertise abroad in 2006-2007 in a variety of sectors.

© Nadia Khan

Canadian volunteers and interns help people and communities in developing countries by working with them to improve their economic and social well-being. These unpaid "ambassadors" of Canada contribute their time, expertise, and experience to sustainable development. They also play a part in raising the awareness of Canada's efforts in international development.

CIDA's approach to volunteer cooperation enables long-term associations with developing-country counterparts and sustained results long after volunteers have returned to Canada.

"Ultimately, my internship proved to be the most fulfilling and exciting experience I've ever had. It renewed my passion for human rights, expanded my world views, and transformed my perspective on life and my legal career."

- Nadia Khan, former Canadian intern with the Law Society of Kenya who was supported by CIDA and sponsored by the Canadian Bar Association.


CIDA Aid 2006-2007

By Sector of Focus ($ millions)

  • Health: 680.7
  • Private Sector Development: 476.1
  • Democratic Governance: 473.8
  • Emergency Assistance: 356.3
  • Basic Education: 259.5
  • Environment: 124.7
  • Peace and Security: 110.4
  • Multisector: 145.9
  • Other*: 150.6
  • Total: 2,778.0

*Includes higher education, promotion of development awareness, and support to civil society.

Full financial budget information is available in CIDA's Departmental Performance Report, 2006-2007.

By Continent/regionFootnote 1

  • Americas: $356 million
  • North Africa and the Middle East: $132 million
  • Sub-Saharan Africa: $1.045 billion
  • Eastern Europe: $90 million
  • Asia: $669 million

Top Five Recipients by Continent/region ($ millions)Footnote 1

Americas

  • Haiti: 92.5
  • Peru: 17.5
  • Bolivia: 16.8
  • Honduras: 16.4
  • Colombia: 14.3

Asia

  • Afghanistan: 178.9
  • Bangladesh: 64.7
  • Indonesia: 60.0
  • China: 37.2
  • Sri Lanka: 29.3

Sub-Saharan Africa

  • Sudan: 133.8
  • Ethiopia: 83.0
  • Ghana: 69.3
  • Mali: 58.1
  • Mozambique: 50.6

North Africa and the Middle East

  • Iraq: 39.5
  • West Bank and Gaza: 29.3
  • Lebanon: 17.6
  • Egypt: 16.1
  • Morocco: 10.2

Eastern Europe

  • Russia: 20
  • Ukraine: 17.2
  • Bosnia and Herzegovina: 7.4
  • Serbia: 5.7
  • Georgia: 1.9

Footnotes

Footnote 1

Bilateral funding only; excluding disbursements to multilateral organizations, which cannot be attributed by country, continent, or region.

Return to footnote 1 referrer



Alternate Formats

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Canada's International Assistance at Work - Development For Results 2007 (Full Version of the Report - PDF, 3.5 MB, 38 pages)

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