Amount in $M
|Partnerships with Canadians||8.42|
Senegal is one of the world's poorest countries, with approximately 34 percent of its population living on less than US$1.25/day. On the United Nations Development Programme's 2011 human development index, Senegal ranks 155 out of 187 countries. As a result of an inequitable distribution of wealth, there are relatively higher poverty levels in rural areas.
Demographic pressure is a major concern: Senegal's population is estimated at 12.9 million, with 68 percent under the age of 25 and 57 percent living in rural areas. The rate of productivity is low, and unemployment and underemployment rates are high, especially among youth. With Senegal's annual population growth of about 3 percent, some 100,000 young individuals enter the labour market each year. Not everyone has access to education, and illiteracy is widespread, especially among women and girls. Environmental degradation is an obstacle to development in some regions, where accelerating soil erosion, salinization, and the disappearance of vegetation also impact food security.
Drought in the Sahel region has contributed to a food and nutrition crisis that affects more than 800,000 people in Senegal — about 6 percent of the total population. The new government of Senegal has made food security its top priority and called on development partners to respond to the crisis more effectively.
Senegal provides strong leadership in the continent and is a hub of democracy and political stability in the West African region. The transition of power following the relatively peaceful presidential elections of March 2012 and legislative elections of July 2012 show the maturity of Senegal's democratic tradition. Senegal also plays an important role in peace talks and peacekeeping missions in Africa, for instance, in Sudan.
Senegal has identified as follows its most pressing needs under the three strategic axes of its Poverty reduction strategy (Document de politique économique et sociale (DPES, 2011-2015) (in French):
In 2009, as part of Canada's new aid effectiveness agenda, Senegal was selected by CIDA as a country of focus. CIDA's objective in Senegal is to contribute to reducing household poverty by 50 percent by 2015. This objective is aligned with Senegal's DPES goal.
CIDA contributes to:
CIDA is contributing to Senegal's food security by scaling up its programs in agriculture and agri-food to support economic development in the region of Casamance and the region of Niayes. This will:
CIDA also supports the Government of Senegal's decentralization efforts, including local governments' ability to deliver services. At the same time, it continues to work toward the availability, in rural areas, of microfinance institutions to provide more access to financial products and services.
Donor harmonization and coordination under the leadership of Senegal's government is improving from year to year, thereby contributing to the government's greater ownership of the development process and prompting greater effectiveness for donors as they work jointly to effect change.
The donors' division of labour is well organized. Canada is the lead bilateral donor in the education sector and currently chairs the group of donors providing conditional budget support, giving CIDA the opportunity to play a significant role in improving donor coordination and harmonization.
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