Government of Canada

Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

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Facts at a Glance

Sri Lanka Canada
Official name Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka Canada
Capital Colombo Ottawa
Area (in thousands of km2) 66 9,985
Population (in millions) 21.3 (2013) 35.1 (2013)
Population density (per km2) 323 (2013) 3 (2013)
Urban population (% in 2011) 15 81
Human development index (HDI) (ranking) 92 out of 187 countries (2012) 11 out of 187 countries (2012)
Gross national income (GNI) (per capita) US$2,580 (2011) US$45,560 (2011)
GNI at purchasing power parity (PPP)
(per capita)
US$5,560 (2011) US$39,830 (2011)
Population below poverty line at US$1.25 a day (% in 2007-2010) 7.0
Structure of gross domestic product (GDP) (% in 2010)
Agriculture 13 2
Industry 29 32
Services 58 66
Gender inequality index (GII) (ranking) 75 out of 148 countries (2012) 18 out of 148 countries (2012)
Life expectancy at birth (years) 64 (1970)
75 (2012)
73 (1970)
81 (2012)
Mortality rate under 5 years old
(per 1,000 live births)
29 (1990)
12 (2011)
8 (1990)
6 (2011)
Adult literacy rate (% in 2005-2010)
Total 91 99
Men 93 99
Women 90 99
Net primary school enrolment rate
(% in 2007-2011)
Total 94 99
Boys 94 99
Girls 94 100
Population using improved drinking water sources (% in 2010)
Total 91 100
Urban 99 100
Rural 90 99
Ecological footprint
(in global hectares per person in 2008)
1.21 6.43