The Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria was created in 2002 to dramatically increase resources to fight three of the world's most devastating diseases: HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis, and malaria. The Global Fund invests in large-scale prevention, treatment, and care programs and supports national health systems and health workers in the world's poorest regions.
The Global Fund provides grants to fund services that deliver results for the people who need them the most. An estimated 8.7 million lives have been saved so far through Global Fund support.
Since its creation, the Global Fund has committed more than $22.9 billion for grants in 151 countries. It is now the largest funding mechanism for HIV/AIDS, malaria, and tuberculosis. The Global Fund takes a country-led approach, with national governments and local organizations leading program design and implementation.
Canada has supported the Global Fund since its inception and has consistently been a strong voice and active member of the Global Fund Board. In September 2010, Canada pledged $540 million to the Global Fund, bringing Canada's total commitment since 2002 to more than $1.5 billion—the largest ever made by Canada to an international health institution. This most recent pledge is helping to safeguard the substantial achievements already made through Global Fund grants and is expanding prevention, care, and treatment programs for those most vulnerable to these three diseases.
Together, HIV, tuberculosis, and malaria cause an estimated 5 million deaths per year—the vast majority occurring among people who live in poverty—while there are proven and effective interventions for preventing and treating these diseases.
Canada's support of the Global Fund is an essential part of its efforts to reach three of the eight Millennium Development Goals (MDGs):
About 90 percent of malaria deaths occur in children, the number of AIDS orphans is currently estimated at more than 25 million, and, as technology to diagnose childhood tuberculosis (TB) improves, case detection of TB among children is on the increase. By focusing on these diseases, the Global Fund is a key multilateral partner for CIDA in its efforts to secure a future for children and youth. Reducing the spread of these diseases and providing appropriate care and treatment will significantly improve the lives of children and youth.
HIV/AIDS and tuberculosis influence economic growth. Studies prove that HIVAIDS slows economic activity, widens economic inequality, causes severe financial strain on affected households, and places the physical and emotional well-being of orphaned children at risk. Tuberculosis (TB) most often strikes poor adults in their most productive years, and causes economic losses of about 20 to 30 percent per year. Persons living with HIV/AIDS are increasingly vulnerable to TB infection, with TB being the cause of death for one in four HIV-related deaths. By ensuring access to treatment, prevention, and care, CIDA's support to the Global Fund is reducing the economic impact of these diseases, helping developing countries grow their economies, and providing new opportunities for their citizens.
CIDA's work with the Global Fund focuses on three strategic objectives:
CIDA will also explore alignment and harmonization issues in its country programs to generate lessons learned and best practices.
By using resources more effectively, both the Global Fund and the recipient countries will reduce unnecessary costs and free up resources to fund more programs, ultimately increasing impact.
Since its creation in 2002, with the support of CIDA and other donors, the Global Fund has:
Since setting up systems for results tracking in 2004, with the support of CIDA and other donors, the Global Fund has ensured that: