The Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research (CGIAR) is a global partnership that unites organizations engaged in research for a food secure future. It works with partners to reduce rural poverty, increase food security, improve human health and nutrition, and ensure more sustainable management of natural resources. It is the world's largest international agricultural research organization, with 15 international research centres spread around the world working in more than 100 countries.
Canada is one of the founding members of the CGIAR and has been a strong supporter since 1971. Canada recognizes that agricultural research is critical to addressing hunger and poverty in developing countries and, through CIDA, is one of the top donors to the CGIAR and a member of the CGIAR Fund Council.
Between 1995 and 2012, CIDA supported the CGIAR-Canada Linkage Fund, which provided annual grants for research projects jointly carried out by Canadian and CGIAR researchers. The linkage fund enabled 16 universities from across Canada to partner with 15 CGIAR research centres on projects aimed at helping solve the global problems of food and nutrition insecurity.
In October 2009, CIDA announced at the unveiling of its food security strategy that it would contribute $32.5 million over three years in new funds to support two CGIAR programs that focus on micronutrient deficiencies and climate change using knowledge, technology and resources to solve related problems. This funding, in part, fulfills Canada's 2009 G-8 commitment under the L'Aquila Initiative on Global Food Security.
The CGIAR's mandate aligns closely with two of CIDA's priority themes: increasing food security and stimulating sustainable economic growth. The CGIAR also contributes to CIDA's priority theme of securing the future of children and youth by improving their nutritional status through the fortification of staple crops.
The CGIAR is a key multilateral partner for Canada in improving food security. CIDA's Food Security Strategy (PDF, 271 KB, 9 pages) indicates that CIDA will work with the CGIAR to increase the nutritional value of crops and enhance the resiliency of agricultural systems to climate change as well as to strengthen national and regional agricultural research systems.
The CGIAR produces research that results in increased crop yield and improved nutritional value. This research also helps smallholder farmers manage natural resources and livestock sustainably. By growing more and better quality crops, smallholder farmers can increase their livelihoods and income opportunities, improve access to markets, and generate economic growth.
CIDA's work with the CGIAR focuses on four strategic objectives:
Over a period of 40 years, the CGIAR system, with the support of CIDA and other donors, has:
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