Government of Canada

Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

www.international.gc.ca

Report to Parliament on the Government of Canada's Official Development Assistance 2011–2012

Table of Contents

Message from the minister

The Honourable Julian Fantino
The Honourable
Julian Fantino

Canada's international assistance programming aligns with the core interests and values that guide all of our country's international involvement. The Government's foreign policy aims to promote prosperity and security, while reflecting such values as democracy, human rights and the rule of law. Our government continues to deliver on its commitments to international development, while taking concrete steps to make Canadian development assistance more effective, focused and accountable. In this way, we ensure that Canadian public funds are making a real difference in the lives of the world's poorest and most vulnerable people.

Canada's Official Development Assistance is delivered by a number of federal departments and is focused on advancing five thematic priorities: increasing food security; stimulating sustainable economic growth; securing the future of children and youth; advancing democracy; and ensuring security and stability. The majority of Canada's Official Development Assistance is delivered through the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA). Over the past five years, CIDA has significantly improved the way it works. For example, all of Canadian food assistance has been untied, so that desperately needed food can be purchased from local suppliers, reducing costs and helping build local economies. CIDA has also greatly increased its impact by focusing 80 percent of bilateral aid on 20 countries of focus, selected on the basis of their need, capacity to manage development programs, and alignment with Canadian foreign-policy priorities.

CIDA focuses its programming on three of the thematic priorities: increasing food security for the nearly one billion people who lack basic access to adequate food and nutrition through sustainable agricultural development, provision of food assistance and nutrition, and research and development; stimulating sustainable economic growth by providing poor people with the stepping stones they need to generate their own wealth and pull themselves out of poverty; and securing the future of children and youth, recognizing that young people in the developing world - when given access to quality education, security from violence and exploitation, and healthy environments and adequate care - can play a pivotal role in ending the cycle of poverty and helping turn societies and economies around.

One of the most significant examples of CIDA's work in the developing world is the Muskoka Initiative, a global effort aimed at reducing maternal, newborn and child mortality that was launched in 2010 under Prime Minister Stephen Harper's leadership. In 2011-2012 CIDA worked with Canadian, international and developing-country partners to provide vaccines to children, help mothers deliver babies safely, provide contraception, combat malnutrition, improve community healthcare systems and train front-line health workers.

Other Canadian federal departments deliver important components of Canada's Official Development Assistance. The Department of Finance, for example, offers substantial debt relief to highly indebted poor countries that, even if they could overcome the immediate problems of poverty, would otherwise remain burdened by crushing debt. The Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (DFAIT) works to advance democracy and stability around the world, principally through the Global Peace and Security Fund, which provides financial and operational resources to facilitate timely, effective and accountable conflict interventions in fragile states. Citizenship and Immigration Canada helps to alleviate humanitarian crises by supporting the resettlement of refugees.

Government departments providing development assistance work hand in hand in numerous ways, but this partnership is most visible in fragile states. In Afghanistan, for example, the Government has identified four key areas to guide its work until 2014: children and youth; security, the rule of law, and human rights; regional diplomacy; and humanitarian assistance. As part of this collective effort, CIDA has contributed to a significant increase in the performance of girls in school and in immunization against polio. The Department of National Defence has reinforced the authority of the Afghan government in Kandahar Province and facilitated security reform. And DFAIT has contributed to the promotion of regional diplomacy and the decrease of cultivation, production, trafficking and consumption of illicit drugs. We see similar cooperation amongst departments and agencies in the area of disaster relief. In 2011-2012, Canada responded rapidly and effectively to a number of humanitarian crises in the world, including the Horn of Africa.

Canada is making a difference. I was recently in Burkina Faso and Nigeria, the Sahel region of Africa, where millions of men, women and children are suffering from a food crisis. It was here that I saw first-hand, the difference that Canadian assistance does make. With Canada's support over 10 million people have been provided with life-saving food assistance, and 250,000 children suffering from severe acute malnutrition have been treated. Canada's work is important, and it will have positive impacts for years to come.

In the Fall of 2012, I attended the 67th Assembly of the United Nations where I met with officials from target countries in which Canada invests, with leaders of United Nations bodies, and with the NGOs that help us produce tangible results on the ground. The Government of Canada proves time and again that its commitment to international development delivers concrete results, on the ground, for the people who need our help the most.

The many examples found in this report show that Canada's Official Development Assistance is at work in a variety of situations around the world, delivering effective solutions for the poor. The Government of Canada remains committed to eradicating poverty, while promoting our core interests and values. All Canadians should be proud of our efforts to make the world a better place.

The Honourable Julian Fantino, P.C., M.P.
Minister of International Cooperation


This is the fourth report on Canadian official development assistance since the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act (the Act) came into force on June 28, 2008.

This report meets the reporting requirements of subsections 5(1) and 5(3) of the Act.

The statistical report required under subsection 5(2) of the Act, with details about disbursements counted as official development assistance, will be published by the end of March 2013 on CIDA's website.

Introduction

The Official Development Assistance Accountability Act came into force on June 28, 2008. The Act applies to all federal departments providing official development assistance and requires the Government of Canada to report annually to Parliament on its development assistance activities.

The Act lays out three conditions that must be satisfied for international assistance to be considered as official development assistance (ODA). Assistance must:

  • contribute to poverty reduction;
  • take into account the perspectives of the poor; and
  • be consistent with international human rights standards.

Ministers must be of the opinion that these conditions have been met in order to report activities as Canadian official development assistance.

Canada's official development assistance advances Canada's foreign policy objectives: 1) increasing economic opportunity through international engagement; 2) mitigating security risks; and 3) promoting Canadian principles and values such as freedom, democracy, human rights and the rule of law. Within the context of these foreign policy priorities, and with an overarching goal of reducing poverty, Canadian international assistance focuses on five priorities:

  • Increasing food security
  • Stimulating sustainable economic growth
  • Securing the future of children and youth
  • Advancing democracy
  • Ensuring security and stability

These priorities are implemented by a number of federal government departments and agencies (see Table 1, ODA Disbursements by Department, 2011-2012, working in close collaboration with partners in Canada and abroad.

2011-2012 Highlights

The following is a sampling of the major results in ODA achieved by the Government of Canada in 2011-2012 and described in this report:

  • As part of Canada's five-year commitment of $2.85 billion to the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health, the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) is working with developing-country governments, as well as multilateral, global, and Canadian civil society partners in countries where the need is greatest. Results include: 48,855 front-line health workers trained in dealing with childhood diseases and deployed to communities in Ethiopia, Ghana, Mali, Malawi, Mozambique, and Niger; 150 million children in 35 countries across sub-Saharan Africa immunized against polio; 13 million children under the age of five provided with vitamin A supplements; and an estimated 70,000 lives saved in 12 countries across sub-Saharan Africa as of March 2012.
  • In Ethiopia, the Productive Safety Net Program, supported by CIDA, is largely credited with ensuring that the drought in Ethiopia did not become a crisis on the scale seen in neighbouring countries in the Horn of Africa. Additional support of $35 million to this program funded a food-for-work project that helped 7.6 million food-insecure people. The work resulted in the construction of 74,323 km of anti-erosion embankments, the rehabilitation of 60,529 hectares of land, and the implementation of 3,114 water projects.
  • CIDA's support in Pakistan is focused on promoting women's economic empowerment through skills-for-employment training. More than 23,000 aspiring women entrepreneurs have so far been trained in key aspects of saving, borrowing, and budgeting in a program aimed at ensuring basic financial literacy for 165,000 female microfinance clients. In addition, CIDA has reached more than 20,000 women through a project that increased incomes and financial decision-making power in the dairy, embellished fabric, glass bangle, and seedlings sectors - an increase of 3,000 from the previous year.
  • Through Finance Canada, Canada has helped launch AgResults, an innovative initiative that will use advance market commitments to leverage private sector investment and innovation toward addressing global agriculture challenges. Initial pilot projects will target harvest management and nutritional fortification of staple crops. Innovators are paid only once results are achieved. Canada provided $9 million in grant support to the World Bank in 2011-2012 to develop and fund pilot projects, as part of its total $40-million commitment.
  • Through Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) and its Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force, Canada is supporting a number of initiatives, including a $9.6-million project in Haiti to develop a more effective, accountable, and professional rule of law system. Activities include infrastructure refurbishment and/or construction; provision of equipment and vehicles; deployment of Canadian expertise such as Correctional Service of Canada officers deployed to the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH); and training and mentoring of Haitian national police officers, coast guards, corrections officers, and judges.
  • The International Development Research Centre administers the $225-million Development Innovation Fund. This fund supports the work of Grand Challenges Canada, which enables global health breakthroughs by Canadian and developing-country scientists and the private sector. In 2011-2012, the fund awarded close to 30 grants to innovators to develop diagnostic tools, treatments, and preventive care strategies. The latest grand challenge, called Saving Brains (announced in October 2011), aims to encourage healthy brain development in children in developing countries.
  • Citizenship and Immigration Canada resettled nearly 7,100 government-assisted refugees and almost 5,100 privately-sponsored refugees from more than 60 different nationalities. Particular focus was placed on Iraqi refugees in the Middle East, Bhutanese refugees in Nepal, vulnerable religious minorities and members of the gay, lesbian, bisexual, and transgender communities. Resettlement spaces were also used for Afghans who supported the Canadian mission in Kandahar and were in a precarious humanitarian situation in Afghanistan.
  • Environment Canada is leading Canada's implementation of the commitment by developed countries to provide fast-start climate change financing to help developing countries reduce emissions and adapt to a changing climate. The Government of Canada is delivering its fair share of its commitment, contributing $1.2 billion in new and additional climate change financing more than the three-year fast-start financing period from 2010-2011 to 2012-2013 with more than $394 million issued to delivery partners in 2011-2012.
  • Through Industry Canada, Canada contributed to the International Telecommunications Union, which is working to bridge the digital divide between industrialized and developing countries by building infrastructure, strengthening skills, and implementing cyber-security in partner countries.
  • Natural Resources Canada (NRCan) supported the African Model Forest Initiative, which aims to improve the conservation and sustainable management of forest resources in Francophone Africa, mainly through participatory governance, community and economic development, research and capacity building. Since 2010 NRCan has actively supported, along with CIDA and DFAIT, the Government of Canada's Facilitation of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership.
  • Several other government departments provided critical technical expertise in support of Canadian projects, particularly in fragile states and communities in crisis. The RCMP's International Peace Operations Branch deployed Canadian police to 16 missions in 12 countries to assist partner-country police in rebuilding and strengthening their services through training and mentoring. Health Canada provided experts to the Pan-American Health Organization in key areas such as access to primary care, e-health, regulatory regimes for devices, biologics and pharmaceuticals and food safety. Labour Canada helped partner countries modernize their labour policy and administration through its International Trade and Labour Program, while Parks Canada shared their expertise in park management planning and Transport Canada provided technical assistance in flight safety.

Summaries by Department

A number of Canadian federal government departmentsNote 1 disbursed official development assistance (ODA) fundsNote 2 in 2011-2012.

The following pages summarize the activities undertaken with these funds under the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act. Additional details will appear in a statistical report, to be published by the end of March 2013.

Table 1 : ODA Disbursements by Department - 2011-2012

Department Disbursements
($ millions)
Canadian International Development Agency 3,931.57
Department of Finance Canada 503.65
Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada 280.55
International Development Research Centre 199.9
Citizenship and Immigration Canada 130.86
Department of National Defence 0.13
Royal Canadian Mounted Police 38.69
Health Canada 12.38
Environment Canada 5.99
Labour Canada 1.67
Natural Resources Canada 2.73
Industry Canada 1.16
Parks Canada 0.55
Transport Canada 0..43
Sub-total 5,110.26
Services supporting CIDA activities Note 3 24.76
Total 5,135.02

Source: CIDA.

Canadian International Development Agency
$3.93 Billion

The Canadian International Development Agency's (CIDA) ODA for fiscal year 2011-2012 totaled $3,931,574,287. Note 4, Note 5 CIDA is the government's principal organization responsible for managing Canada's official development assistance. CIDA supports programs and projects that have poverty reduction as their primary objective. It also engages in policy development in Canada and internationally to support Canada's development objectives in a manner consistent with Canadian foreign policy.

CIDA's programs reflect the global consensus on international development agreed to by developing countries and the many national and international development partners with which Canada works. This consensus includes agreement on the key objectives of development assistance—the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)Note 6—which set targets and deadlines for progress in food security, education, the health of mothers and children, gender equality, environmental sustainability, HIV/AIDS, and malaria reduction.

They also take into account internationally recognized principles of aid effectiveness, which include ownership, focus on results, inclusive development partnerships, and transparency and accountability.

Within this context, CIDA has concentrated its efforts in the sectors and countries where it can make the most difference. Of the five priorities for international assistance, CIDA has chosen the following three for its development assistance program:

  • Increasing food security: For women, men and children in the developing world, a lack of sufficient, safe, and nutritious food is a central obstacle to reducing poverty. It undermines their health and limits their ability to learn at school, earn a living, or contribute to their communities.
  • Securing a future for children and youth: CIDA, through its Children and Youth strategy, is supporting the world's young people to become healthy, educated, and productive citizens—giving them the chance to avoid poverty, realize their potential, and contribute to the development of their countries.
  • Stimulating sustainable economic growth: Sustainable economic growth is critical to reducing poverty. Countries in Asia, Africa, and Latin America have shown repeatedly that helping the economy grow is the best way to help people permanently lift themselves out of poverty.

CIDA integrates environmental sustainability, equality between women and men, and strong governance, including respect for human rights, into all its programming and contributes to the other two Government priorities of advancing democracy and ensuring security and stability. CIDA also plays a significant leadership role in the Government of Canada's response to a variety of critical humanitarian needs around the world, working in coordination with other government departments and key humanitarian partners.

CIDA remains committed to inclusive consultations with Canadians and with our stakeholders overseas, including partner governments, other donors, and civil society. In 2011-2012, CIDA held more than 100 consultations, engaging more than 3,300 stakeholders, partners, and experts.

The consultations covered a wide range of topics including:

  • The Agency's thematic priorities;
  • Maternal, newborn and child health;
  • Aid effectiveness;
  • Private sector and development and the extractive industries; and
  • A range of programming initiatives, such as the modernization of the Partnerships with Canadians Branch, as well as organizational matters such as the Agency's approach to decentralization.
Table 2: CIDA Activities by Thematic Priority 2011-2012

Thematic Priority Spending
Increasing food securityNote 7 836,680,798
Securing the future of children and youth 1,138,616,890
Stimulating sustainable economic growth 1,098,074,378
Advancing Democracy 154,412,136
Ensuring Security and Stability 23,784,865
International Humanitarian AssistanceNote 8 293,161,481
Not Assigned to a Thematic Priority
Health, Education and Social ServicesNote 9 25,991,991
OtherNote 10 122,319,767
Total 3,693,042,307

Source: CIDA.

Thematic Priorities

Increasing Food Security
$836.7 million

Canada has been a leader in combating global hunger through the implementation of CIDA's Food Security Strategy, which was released in 2009. This strategy focuses on sustainable agricultural development, food assistance and nutrition, and research and development.

As part of the G-8 l'Aquila Food Security Initiative in 2009, Canada committed $1.18 billion over three years for sustainable agriculture development, helping to increase agricultural productivity and access to markets, particularly for smallholder farmers. As of April 2011, Canada had fully disbursed its Aquila Food Security Initiative commitment, becoming the first G-8 country to do so. Significant results in 2011-2012 included:

  • In Ghana, despite unusually dry conditions during the year, CIDA's support to the Ministry of Food and Agriculture contributed to a 763,000-metric-tonne increase in production of staple foods, representing nearly three percent of the total production of staple foods in 2011.
  • In Uganda, the Canadian Cooperative Association is assisting farmers to increase food security and incomes. By using area cooperatives, some 6,624 farmers are saving at least 14 percent of the total cost of inputs and earning 30 percent more.
  • In Ethiopia, the Productive Safety-Net Program, supported by CIDA, is largely credited with ensuring that the drought in Ethiopia did not become as serious a crisis as what occurred in neighboring countries in the Horn of Africa. This program funded a food-for-work project that helped 7.6 million food-insecure people. The work resulted in the construction of 74,323 km of anti-erosion embankments, the rehabilitation of 60,529 hectares of land, and the implementation of 3,114 water projects.
  • In South Sudan's Upper Nile State, CIDA helped communities to increase agricultural production and improve livelihoods by increasing access to agricultural knowledge, skills, and resources. As a result, more than 8,000 households are now producing more than five bags of cereal each, which represents 92 percent of household need.
  • The Ottawa-based Micronutrient Initiative Note 11 saved more than 470,000 children's lives and averted 200,000 mental impairments by providing essential vitamins and minerals.
  • Through its support for the International Fund for Agricultural Development, CIDA contributed to the training of more than 4.5 million people worldwide in improved agricultural practices and technologies, enabling them to increase productivity.
  • Canada played an important role chairing the negotiations of the new Food Assistance Convention (FAC), which now includes a wider variety of food assistance interventions, and has a greater focus on nutrition. Canadian leadership in the Scaling-Up Nutrition (SUN) Movement and support to the Canadian International Food Security Research Fund is also helping coordinate, scale up, and strengthen food security and nutrition at both the global and national levels.

Securing the Future of Children and Youth
$1,139 million

CIDA's Children and Youth Strategy, released in 2009, focuses on child survival (including maternal, newborn and child health; see Box 1: Maternal, Newborn and Child Health), access to quality education, and safe and secure futures for children and youth. Significant results in 2011-2012 included:

  • In Colombia, through the work of CIDA and UNICEF, more than 16,000 children and youth were protected from being recruited by illegal armed groups or forced into child labour, including commercial sexual exploitation. Strategies included providing children and youth with activities in their free time; strengthening the capacity of local governments to ensure that child rights are included in their development plans; identifying children at risk of commercial sexual exploitation; and sensitizing parents on the issue.
  • In Mozambique, CIDA supported the government's health program, enabling it to: hire 1,688 new health workers, improving the ratio of health workers per 100,000 inhabitants, from 63.4 in 2010 to 67; increase the percentage of health facilities with maternity wards and waiting homes for expecting mothers, from 47 in 2010 to 55; and provide antiretroviral treatment for 250,000 HIV-positive adults, up from 219,000 in 2010.
  • In Tanzania, the Canadian Organization for Development through Education improved student performance in 141 schools benefiting from comprehensive reading programs. A controlled tracking study showed that pass rates of students in these schools in end-of-primary-school exams increased from 36 percent in 2002 to 80 percent in 2010, compared to 50 percent in 2010 for students in schools not participating in the program.
  • Canada's contribution to the GAVI Alliance Note 12 for the period 2011-2015 is helping improve access to immunization in developing countries. Results achieved by the GAVI Alliance during 2011 included: an estimated 500,000 deaths averted; an increase in coverage of the vaccine for diphtheria, pertussis and whooping cough from 78 percent to 81 percent; and rollout of the new pneumococcal vaccine in 16 countries, the rotavirus vaccine in five countries, and the new meningococcal A vaccine in three countries. The pentavalent vaccine, protecting against five diseases (diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, hepatitis B, and Haemophilus influenza type b virus), is now in routine use in 65 countries.
  • With support from Canada, and co-chaired by Prime Minister Harper, the Commission on Information and Accountability for Women's and Children's Health set out a multistakeholder accountability framework and developed ten recommendations to improve oversight of results and resources at the global and country levels. In response, Canada led an international process to develop a method to track and report all reproductive, maternal, newborn and child health spending by development partners.

Box 1: Maternal, Newborn and Child Health

In 2010, Canada used its G-8 presidency to champion the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health which aims to improve the health of mothers and children in the world's poorest countries. CIDA is now focusing its efforts on implementing its commitments, and in 2011-2012 the following results were achieved:

  • In South Sudan, more than 3,000 women delivered babies safely assisted by trained staff, and more than 1,800 pregnant women attended antenatal clinics (roughly double the number from last year).
  • In Tanzania, 47 percent of women of reproductive age gained access to contraception, up from 20 percent in 2004.
  • In Ethiopia, 1.5 million under-five children in 100 food-insecure districts were screened for malnutrition every three months and received vitamin A supplements and de-worming tablets twice a year.
  • 150 million children in 35 countries across sub-Saharan Africa were immunized against polio.
  • Some 3.6 million people received lifesaving antiretroviral therapy for HIV/AIDS, 9.3 million cases of tuberculosis were detected and treated, and 270 million insecticide-treated mosquito nets were distributed for protection against malaria, between 2004 and 2012, across 151 countries.
Return to Box 1 referrer

Stimulating Sustainable Economic Growth
$1,098 million

CIDA's Sustainable Economic Growth Strategy, released in 2010, is a key element CIDA's approach to poverty reduction. This strategy focuses on three paths: building economic foundations, growing businesses, and investing in people. In 2011-2012, efforts focused on progress in the areas of natural resource governance, women's economic empowerment, and inclusive value chain Note 13 development. Significant results in 2011-2012 included:

  • In Pakistan, CIDA's support is focused on promoting women's economic empowerment through skills-for-employment training. More than 23,000 aspiring women entrepreneurs have so far been trained in key aspects of saving, borrowing, and budgeting in a program aimed at ensuring basic financial literacy for 165,000 female microfinance clients. In addition, CIDA has reached more than 20,000 women through a project that increased incomes and strengthened financial decision-making power in the dairy, embellished fabric, glass bangle, and seedling sectors - an increase of 3,000 from the previous year.
  • In Ghana, CIDA supported the International Fund for Agricultural Development which helped in the development of about 25,000 rural enterprises, generating business for suppliers and retailers through business advisory centres set up across the country.
  • In Ukraine, CIDA is working to develop farmer cooperatives and is supporting the development of more effective business networks and value chains. Overall, CIDA helped 5,421 smallholder farmers to increase their competitiveness through the cultivation of high-value crops. Farmers' incomes have increased by 60 percent since 2009.
  • In Bolivia, assistance through the Hydrocarbon Regulatory Assistance Project contributed to a fourfold increase in annual government revenues between 2005 and 2010 to $2.2 billion. These additional resources were designated by the Government of Bolivia to fund important social programs such as old age security pensions now received by 775,000 people, education costs for 1.8 million school-aged children, a national literacy program in which 800,000 adults learned to read, and increased electricity coverage in rural areas—from 33 percent in 2005 to 51 percent in 2010—which further contributes to overall economic growth and the diversification of the economy.
  • In Indonesia, CIDA helped create 2,628 jobs for poor men and women through the provision of business development services and financial services to small and medium enterprises in the seaweed, coconut, and cashew sectors. Results in 2011-2012 also include the production of 135.3 metric tonnes of seaweed, 89.2 metric tonnes of raw cashew nuts, and two container loads of coconut products.
  • In the Middle East/North Africa, Canada contributed to the G-8 Transition Fund that will support country-owned policy reforms and increase access to capital markets to boost private investment. Canada's contribution will provide grants and technical assistance to help accelerate economic and democratic reform efforts in this region.
  • Through Canadian partners, some 106 projects were funded which will help increase access for marginalized communities to services and opportunities for entrepreneurship and employment, agricultural development, and food security. For example, the Association of Canadian Community Colleges is helping colleges in Senegal, Tanzania, and Mozambique to train skilled workers and entrepreneurs. In Kédougou, Senegal, 86 percent of the students who graduated from the Electromechanical Engineering Technician Program in June 2011 found employment within nine months.

Advancing Democracy
$ 154.4 million

Freedom, democracy, human rights, and the rule of law are values that enable people to hold their governments to account, lead a life of dignity, and participate in decision-making that affects them. For CIDA, Advancing Democracy is seen as a means of reducing poverty, by enabling people to realize their own capacities and goals, and by reducing barriers that limit people's political participation in decision-making that affects them.

CIDA's Advancing Democracy programming includes activities to support the electoral cycle, legislatures and other representative bodies, independent media, civil society, the promotion and protection of human rights and the rule of law and the reform of judicial institutions. Significant results in 2011-2012 included:

  • Through the Multilateral Election Observation Program administered by CIDA, Canada contributed 53 Canadian observers to 18 international election observation missions in 16 developing countries. Election observers contribute to the credibility of free and fair elections in emerging democracies by bringing more transparency to the way democracies conduct themselves.
  • In Haiti, CIDA supported a project to modernize the civil registry, which last year helped register more than 200,000 Haitian adults and provide them with national identity cards. This brings the total number of registered adults since the beginning of the project to more than 5 million (approximately 90 percent of the adult population), enabling them to participate in elections and access essential services.

International Humanitarian Assistance

Humanitarian needs remained high in 2011-2012, due to the continued impact of rising food and energy prices, new and ongoing conflicts, and the increasing frequency and intensity of natural disasters. Among the results achieved by CIDA and its partners were:

  • CIDA responded to complex emergencies affecting 40 countries, including the Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, and Cote d'Ivoire. CIDA also provided humanitarian assistance to meet the basic needs of people affected by the conflict in Libya. The Agency responded to 50 natural disasters, including the drought in the Horn of Africa, flooding in Central America, Cambodia and Thailand, an earthquake in Turkey and typhoon Washi in the Philippines.
  • CIDA provided significant food assistance during 2011-2012, mainly through the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Canadian Foodgrains Bank (CFGB). With CIDA's support, WFP delivered 3.6 million metric tonnes of food assistance to more than 99 million people in 75 countries, and CFGB delivered 40,849 metric tonnes of food assistance to 2.2 million people in 36 countries.
  • In response to the worst drought to strike the Horn of Africa in sixty years and the subsequent declaration of famine in several regions of Somalia, CIDA provided more than $136 million in humanitarian assistance in 2011-2012 and launched the East Africa Drought Relief Fund, to which Canadians contributed $70.4 million. Note 14 Working through its humanitarian partners, CIDA helped to provide food, water and sanitation, nutritional support, emergency medical care, shelter, protection, coordination and logistics support to the more than 13 million people affected by the crisis in Somalia, Kenya, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Djibouti. As a result of these Canadian and international efforts, the famine rating was downgraded in Somalia, and affected populations across the region were able to survive until the January harvest.

Box 2: A Strategic Role in Afghanistan and Haiti

CIDA's Afghanistan program for 2011-2012 focused on investing in children and youth through health and education and helping deliver humanitarian assistance. These programming areas are aligned with Government of Afghanistan priorities and support the advancement of women and girls in all of CIDA's Afghanistan investments.

  • In provinces receiving direct support from CIDA, 95 percent of girls in school progressed from Grades 6 to 7 (up from 71 percent in 2008) and 96 percent of girls in school progressed from Grades 9 to 10 (up from 48 percent).
  • As a result of nation-wide vaccination efforts, 85 percent of the Afghan population now lives in polio-free zones.
  • Repair of 493 km of canals helped to create 5,000 construction jobs.

In Haiti, CIDA support for reconstruction and development following the January 2010 earthquake continued:

  • 330,000 pregnant women gained access to free obstetric care, and 2,335 families displaced by the earthquake were resettled from the Champ de Mars refugee camp (50 percent of the families living in the camp);
  • More than 200,000 citizens received access to basic services and now have the right to vote;
  • Membership in savings and credit cooperative networks grew by 23 percent; 25 schools were equipped with furniture and school gardens were established in 39 schools; 15 new projects in reconstruction, rehabilitation, health, food security and disaster preparedness were launched as part of the Haiti call for proposal for reconstruction.

Summary of CIDA's Operations

Graph 1
CIDA Bilateral aid expenditures by continent 2011-2012 (Excluding administrative costs)

Preliminary figures in C$ millions

Continent
Amount in M$ Can
Percent %
Africa 1,477.2 51
Americas 667.7 23
Asia 574.3 20
Middle East 90.2 3
Eastern Europe 42.8 2
Global 20 1
Total 2,872 100

Overall, CIDA's projects and contributions spanned Africa, Asia, the Americas, the Middle East, and Eastern Europe. Of CIDA's total ODA disbursements of $3,932 million, $2,872 million was in the form of bilateral aid in 2011-2012 (as per the OECD definition Note 15 of bilateral aid and excluding administrative costs, approximately $239 million). The balance consists of CIDA's contribution to global initiatives, international humanitarian assistance, and multilateral development institutions as well partnerships with Canadians in development sectors such as health and education, economic growth and environmental sustainability and governance. Of the total amount provided bilaterally, approximately $1,201 million was channelled through geographic programs to 49 countries. Eighty-five percent of this was concentrated in CIDA's 20 countries of focus.

CIDA has committed to increasing its efficiency. A number of functions are being streamlined, including financial, human resources, and information technology management services. New rules and tools are being introduced to simplify Agency processes. All of these measures have contributed to reducing CIDA's operating budget as a percentage of the Agency's total budget.

A key pillar of CIDA's efforts to modernize its business is the decentralization of management and delivery of country programs to the field. By the summer of 2012, 12 of the Agency's 15 country programs identified for decentralization had complete management teams in the field, supported by HQ operations.

Table 3: CIDA Breakdown of Spending 2011-2012

Spending Amount ($ millions)
Bilateral aid (program branches' country or region-specific initiatives, humanitarian assistance) 2,872.13
Multilateral aid (long-term institutional support to multilateral institutions) 820.91
Administrative costs 238.53
Total 3,931.57

Source: CIDA.

Summary of CIDA's Departmental Performance Report

Paragraph 5 (1) (e) of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act specifies that a summary of the Departmental Performance Report (DPR) of the Canadian International Development Agency must be part of this report.

The summary of CIDA's 2010-2011 DPR is provided in the appendix to this report.

Department of Finance Canada
$503.65 Million

Finance Canada's official development assistance for fiscal year 2011-2012 totalled $503,645,739.Note 16

During the fiscal year 2011-2012, the Department made the following ODA disbursements:

International Development Association: $384,280,000

The International Development Association (IDA) is the World Bank Group's principal financing tool for the world's poorest countries, providing them with interest-free loans and grants. Beginning in 2011-2012, the Government of Canada will provide $1.3 billion to IDA in total over three years, as part of its 16th replenishment round. This funding allows IDA to enhance its focus on effective aid delivery and provide special assistance for fragile states such as Afghanistan and Haiti while ensuring countries do not take on unsustainable levels of debt.

More information is available on the International Development Association (IDA) website.Note 17

International Bank For Reconstruction And Development General Capital Increase: $57,127,000

In response to the recent financial crisis, a series of coordinated capital increases were granted to all of the major multilateral development banks. The members of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development authorized a general capital increase of USD $86 billion, of which Canada's share is $1.6 billion, comprised of:

  • USD $98 million to be paid in cash; and
  • USD $1.5 billion as a guarantee subject to call in the event of future capital requirements.

Members have five years over which to subscribe to the shares allocated in this increase. Canada has chosen to front-load a significant portion of its share purchase, having contributed $954 million ($57 million paid in and $897 million callable capital) in 2011-2012.

Debt Relief

Bilateral and multilateral debt relief disbursements contribute to poverty reduction by freeing up resources (which would otherwise be used to service sovereign debts) for use in more productive investments (e.g. health, education, infrastructure, etc.) that support long-term economic growth and development. Further, debt relief recipients self-direct additional resources based on their individual Poverty Reduction Strategies, one of the eligibility requirements for debt relief.

Bilateral Debt Relief: $2,039,000

Canada has been an international leader in the area of poverty reduction by forgiving more than $1 billion in debt owed to it by the world's poorest and most indebted countries. Specifically, Canada is a committed participant in the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPCs) Initiative, which cancels up to 90 percent of the debts of eligible countries, with an aim to reduce these countries' debts to sustainable levels. Canada delivers this debt relief through its participation in the Paris Club. Moreover, Canada goes beyond the requirements of the HIPC Initiative through the Canadian Debt Initiative, under which Canada forgives all remaining debt owed by eligible HIPCs, resulting in complete bilateral debt cancellation.

  • Canada's provision of debt relief varies considerably from year to year, as international debt relief initiatives make debt cancellation conditional on debtor countries' meeting International Monetary Fund (IMF) and World Bank mandated program targets. If a country's performance does not meet the required target, debt relief is delayed until adequate progress is made.
  • In 2011-2012, Canada provided ODA-eligible debt relief to Côte d'Ivoire ($2,039,000).

More information is available on the following websites:

Multilateral Debt Relief: $51,200,000

Canada has also been very active in the development and financing of multilateral debt relief through the Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative (MDRI). Canada has committed to provide the IMF, World Bank, and African Development Fund (ADF) with $2.5 billion in order to cover Canada's share of the costs over the life of MDRI, which extends until 2054.

In 2009, with the passage of Bill C-59 (The Economic Recovery Act), the Government of Canada modified and strengthened the payment mechanism for its annual MDRI payments. The modification places Canada's MDRI payments under statutory authority and provides further reassurance to the IMF, World Bank, and ADF that Canada is fully able to honour its $2.5-billion commitment. This legislation enabled the Government of Canada to sign new MDRI instruments of commitment with the ADF and IDA in February, 2011.

More information is available on The Multilateral Debt Relief Initiative website.

AgRESULTS: $9,000,000

Canada has been a leader in innovative approaches to development challenges. At the 2012 G-20 Los Cabos Summit, Canada announced $40 million over five years to launch AgResults, an innovative initiative that will use pull mechanisms such as advance market commitments to leverage private sector investment and innovation toward addressing global agriculture challenges. Food security is an essential element of poverty reduction, and innovation will be critical to achieving agriculture productivity gains required to meet growing global demand. Initial pilot projects will target improved harvest management and nutritional fortification of staple crops. Innovators are paid only once results are achieved. Canada provided $9 million in grant support to the World Bank in 2011-2012, as part of the total $40-million commitment, to develop and fund pilot projects.

Canada and the Bretton Woods Institutions

The information below is in response to specific requirements of the Act regarding Canada's interactions with the Bretton Wood Institutions.

Summary

In 2011, Canada contributed to a number of notable initiatives at the World Bank Group and the IMF, including:

  • Support for the changes underway in some countries in the Middle East and North Africa. The World Bank has an important presence in this region, with the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA) lending more than US$2 billion in their 2011 fiscal year to the region.
  • Increased financing to help developing countries address risks and to help secure long-term growth in the face of continued global economic uncertainties. In the World Bank Group's 2011 fiscal year, a total of $57.3 billion in loans, grants, equity investments, and guarantees was committed by the Bank to promote poverty reduction and economic growth in developing countries. This includes:
    • The IBRD made new commitments totalling US$26.7 billion, providing needed resources to 132 projects in 43 countries to reduce poverty.
    • IDA commitments totalled US$16.3 billion, of which the largest share, US$7.0 billion or 43 percent, was committed to Africa.
    • The International Finance Corporation (IFC) provided US$12.2 billion in new investment commitments, as it works with the private sector to encourage sustainable economic growth in developing countries.
    • The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA) issued US$2.1 billion in risk guarantees, an increase from US$1.5 billion in 2010.
  • The activation of two mechanisms to improve the World Bank Group's ability to respond to crisis situations in the poorest countries: the Immediate Response Mechanism to allow the Bank to rapidly reallocate existing resources to address emerging crises; and a new Crisis Response Window to enable additional resources to be quickly mobilized for large-scale crises (established through the IDA16 replenishment process). Some $250 million from the Crisis Response Window has already been used to supplement the Bank's response to the devastating drought in the Horn of Africa.
  • Canada provided $9 million in 2011 to the IMF's Caribbean Regional Technical Assistance Centre (CARTAC), which provides technical assistance in economic and financial management to 20 countries and territories in the region.
  • Canada supported the creation of the Rapid Financing Instrument at the IMF to consolidate and replace two previous emergency assistance policies. The RFI provides small-scale rapid support for urgent needs including natural disasters, commodity price shocks, and post-conflict situations.
  • As part of a G-20 initiative, Canada supported an action plan to support the development and deepening of local currency bond markets, and has called on the IMF and World Bank to support delivery of the plan.

For more details, please see the Canada at the IMF and World Bank 2011 report.

Summary of Representations Made by Canada at the Bretton Woods Institutions

For Canadian statements at the International Monetary and Financial Committee of the Board of Governors for the IMF, please refer to the Canada at the IMF and World Bank 2011 report (Canada's Engagement at the IMF) .

For Canadian statements at the Development Committee of the Boards of Governors of the World Bank and the IMF, please refer to the Canada at the IMF and World Bank 2011 report. (Canada's Engagement at the World Bank Group)

For Canada's voting record in 2011 at the IMF and World Bank, please refer to the Canada at the IMF and World Bank 2011 report (Canada's Engagement at the IMF and Canada's Engagement at the World Bank Group) .

For a fuller description of Canada's commitments and goals at the IMF and World Bank, please refer to the Canada at the IMF and World Bank 2011 report.

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada
$280.55 Million

Graph 2
Thematic priorities and crosscutting support: DFAIT ODA for 2011-2012

(Amount in thousands of dollars)

Priorities Amount ($)
percent %
Assessed contributions 101,788 36
Services rendered abroad 77,471.4 28
Security & stability 61,367.552 22
Advancing democracy 16,299.278 6
Children and youth 12,465.568 4
Voluntary Support to Francophonie 6,961 2
Sustainable economic growth 4,201.05 2

Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT) disbursed a total of $280,553,848 in official development assistance Note 18 for fiscal year 2011-2012. An additional $185,005,068 in non-ODA was also disbursed for a total of $465,558,916 in international assistance.

Of the five thematic priorities of Canada's International Assistance Envelope (IAE), DFAIT's broad range of international assistance programming focused on the following four: 1) Security and Stability; 2) Advancing Democracy; 3) Children and Youth; and 4) Sustainable Economic Growth. In addition, DFAIT provided crosscutting international assistance through assessed contributions to multilateral organizations, as well as through services rendered to CIDA personnel at Canada's diplomatic and consular missions abroad.

Thematic Priorities

Security and Stability: $61,367,552

The Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF) supports the operations of the Stabilization and Reconstruction Task Force (START) which conducts international assistance programming in fragile and conflict-affected states such as Afghanistan, Haiti and Sudan. START and the GPSF fill a policy, institutional, funding and programming gap between CIDA humanitarian and long-term development assistance, and DND's military and training assistance. START has established itself as an internationally-recognized platform for whole-of-government engagement and policy development in security and stability programming. START also provides the Government with an effective rapid response mechanism offering timely responses to humanitarian or political emergencies, natural disasters or armed conflicts overseas. An increasing number of other government departments such as Public Safety (PS), the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP), Correctional Service of Canada (CSC), Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) and Justice Canada have actively participated in stabilization and reconstruction initiatives as well as crisis response activities in partnership with DFAIT/START.

GPSF programming supports coherent and effective initiatives in support of conflict prevention, crisis response, peacebuilding, civilian protection and stabilization by providing focused and accountable international assistance that advances Canadian interests and is aligned with Canadian foreign policy priorities. START works closely with federal departments to provide beneficiary states and civilian components of multilateral peace operations with critical expertise in the areas of security and justice system reform.

Despite programming in some of the most difficult environments in the world, highlights of START's programming activities and results for 2011-2012 include:

  • In Afghanistan, close to $5.8 million to support activities including the promotion of regional diplomacy; control, management and monitoring along the international border; community service; correctional capacity-building; and small arms and light weapons (SALW) and mine action.
  • In Haiti, approximately $9.6 million to develop a more effective, accountable and professional rule of law system by supporting activities such as infrastructure refurbishment and/or construction; provision of equipment and vehicles; deployment of Canadian expertise such as Correctional Service of Canada officers deployed to MINUSTAH; and training and mentoring of Haitian national police officers, coast guards, corrections officers and judges.
  • In the Democratic Republic of the Congo, due to GPSF funding, Canada is now a leader in developing local mediation capacity to facilitate returns of internally displaced persons (IDPs) and refugees.
  • GPSF supported the Jerusalem Old City Initiative to develop an innovative and sustainable needs-based option for the security and governance of the Old City of Jerusalem, with the aim of facilitating informed decision-making in any future comprehensive peace negotiation between Israelis and Palestinians.
  • In Sudan and South Sudan, GPSF is assisting Sudan and South Sudan to improve their capacity to deliver security and effectively implement the rule of law, uphold human rights, and deliver basic services to their populations. Activities included providing assistance with command and control systems and training police and military observers.
  • GPSF quickly responded to the emergency situation in Libya by providing support to clear explosive remnants of war and to secure stockpiles of conventional weapons. START enabled the Canadian Government to quickly respond to Libya's critical needs, in concert with other contributions from key allies.
  • Thanks to GPSF support, Jordan recently declared itself mine-free. Additional funding was provided for mine clearance in Afghanistan, Colombia, Sudan, Tajikistan, Lao People's Democratic Republic, Chad and Mozambique.
  • Canada's approach to whole-of-government coordination for natural disaster response abroad, which has been supported by GPSF funding, has been recognized as an international good practice by the OECD's Development Assistance Committee Peer Review of Canada.
  • In Latin America and Africa, GPSF facilitated training on women's rights for police deploying on peace operations, to reduce incidences of violence and enhance support for the populations that police are there to protect.

Non-ODA International Assistance - $185,005,068

In addition to ODA, DFAIT's non-ODA international assistance programming focused on ensuring security and stability reached $180.7 million in 2011-2012. While not defined as ODA by the OECD-DAC, this programming complements the department's ODA programs and contributes to achieving Canada's overall international assistance objectives. For instance, during 2011-2012, START contributed $8.6 million in non-ODA to initiatives such as disaster response in non-ODA eligible countries. The majority of DFAIT's non-ODA support for security and stability is centred around four programs:

  • The Global Partnership Program (GPP): $100.1 million to address weapons of mass destruction (WMD) security challenges worldwide, focusing on nuclear and radiological security, biological non-proliferation, chemical weapons destruction, the engagement of scientists with WMD-related knowledge, and nuclear submarine dismantlement. Signature projects included $8 million for the cleanout and conversion of research reactors in Mexico and Vietnam using highly enriched uranium, and $6 million for the destruction of chemical weapons stockpiles in Libya.
  • The Anti-Crime Capacity Building Program (ACCBP): $39.5 million to enhance the capacity of state agencies to prevent and respond to criminal activity in the Americas and to combat human smuggling operations. Projects included support for police investigative training and equipment in Central America, the establishment of a forensic ballistic network and police training institute in the Caribbean, polygraph operator training in Jamaica, and judicial and prosecutorial training in Mexico.
  • The Counter-Terrorism Capacity Building Program (CTCBP): $20.5 million to enhance the capacity of state agencies to prevent and respond to threats posed by terrorist activity. For instance, the CTCBP has contributed to police training at the Jakarta Centre for Law Enforcement Cooperation, first-responder training to chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive (CBRNE) incidents in Southeast Asia, implementation of the International Civil Aviation Organization's Global Aviation Security Plan of Action, counterterrorism training for foreign law-enforcement officials at the Canadian Police College, and initiatives by several international organizations to combat terrorist financing globally.
  • The Afghanistan Counter-Narcotics Program (ACNP): $12 million to the UN Office for Drugs and Crime to provide assistance to the Government of Afghanistan to decrease the cultivation, production, trafficking and consumption of illicit drugs—primarily heroin.

Advancing Democracy: $16,299,278

Through the Global Peace and Security Fund (GPSF), DFAIT funds activities that advance democracy around the world through support for democratic participation and civil society, legal and judicial reforms, elections, human rights, media and information flows and non-partisan support for legislatures and political parties.

The largest proportion of GPSF democracy support focused on the priority countries/regions of Afghanistan, Sudan, Haiti, DRC, Guatemala, Colombia and the Middle East Peace Process. Projects supported in 2011-2012 included the deployment of international experts to assist with legal and judicial reform; increasing the capacity of civil society organizations to engage effectively with governments to influence decision makers and create more inclusive environments; and the training of judges and support to improve national laws and regulations.

In addition to the support provided to priority countries, the GPSF allocated close to $1.6 million under the Democracy Envelope of the Glyn Berry Program to support democracy around the world. The Democracy Envelope is used to support democracy in authoritarian contexts and states in transition, including in the Middle East and North Africa, Burma, Pakistan, Belarus, Zimbabwe, and the Americas. In 2011-2012, these activities included training on social media for political bloggers and independent journalists in Egypt; increasing youth participation in elections in South America; addressing new threats on freedom of expression violations globally; strengthening legislative assemblies in Bolivia; and supporting independent media in repressive regimes. DFAIT's Democracy Unit provides strategic policy support that aims to ensure coherence across DFAIT's democracy initiatives, and facilitates coordination with other departments programming in this area.

DFAIT also provided core funding to the International Centre for Human Rights and Democratic Development (Rights & Democracy Note 19). Rights & Democracy's work served to advance Canadian support for human rights and democracy, with projects focused on democratic development, economic and social rights, and the rights of women and indigenous populations in 15 countries (including Egypt, Afghanistan, Haiti, Burma, and Zimbabwe).

Children & Youth (Scholarships): $12,465,568

The international scholarship program facilitated by DFAIT funds higher education and advanced technical and managerial training. In 2011-2012, DFAIT funded more than 830 scholarships for students from ODA-eligible countries. The scholarship program supports human capital development and creates institutional linkages with Canadian and regional post-secondary institutions in order to foster research collaboration and institutional agreements. Also, the scholarship program contributes to poverty reduction by contributing to the development of a skilled workforce, leading to economic growth and development. DFAIT's scholarship structure provides opportunities for students to spend one semester in Canada while remaining registered in their home institution, thereby minimizing brain-drain, which is a key challenge for developing countries.

In the Caribbean and the Americas, the scholarships align with the priorities of Canada's Americas Strategy, including the promotion of prosperity, rule of law as well as democracy and good governance. While not exclusively focused on the thematic priority of increasing food security, in some countries priority is given to research related to sustainable resources, including agricultural water resources and food-crop production sources.

Sustainable Economic Growth: $4,201,050

The Investment Cooperation Program:Note 20 $3,682,050

The Investment Cooperation Program (INC) provides support to Canadian businesses making responsible investments in developing countries. In 2011-2012, it contributed $3.9 million toward the cost of feasibility studies, technology transfers, and the planning and implementation of human resources and environmental plans related to such investments.

A revitalized INC was transferred from CIDA to DFAIT in 2010. Expected results of some recently approved projects include: $59,000 in funding towards a $1.6 million electrical equipment facility for the mining sector in Burkina Faso that is expected to create 25 local jobs; $60,000 in funding towards a $3.8 million facility in Vietnam to adapt technology to manufacture non-cosmetic electrical components for automobiles; and $54,000 towards a $1.5 million eco-tourism centre in Malawi that would create 90 local jobs, mostly for women.

Environment and Climate Change: $519,000

Through the International Environmental Contributions Program, DFAIT contributes to climate change and environment-related initiatives, including funding for a variety of multilateral organizations and specific regional projects.

During 2011-2012, DFAIT supported multilateral organizations, including the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) and the Rio+20 Secretariat. DFAIT's regional projects also included furthering the development and distribution of clean cook-stoves in Senegal, the Gambia, and Mexico.

Crosscutting Support

Assessed Contributions to International Organizations: $101,788,000

Assessed contributions are transfer payments by the federal government occasioned by Canada's membership in a bilateral or multilateral international organization. An OECD-DAC-determined portion of these contributions is considered ODA. The twenty-four bilateral and multilateral organizations to which Canada provided ODA-eligible assessed contributions in 2011-2012 include, but are not limited to:

  • The World Health Organization
  • The International Organization of la Francophonie
  • The Commonwealth Foundation
  • The United Nations Organization
  • The Organization of American States
  • The Food and Agriculture Organization

Snapshot of DFAIT's International Assistance

  • $280.6 million in ODA; $465.6 in total international assistance for 2011-2012
  • Approximately $5.8 million in Afghanistan to promote initiatives such as border management, regional diplomacy and community service
  • Close to $9.6 million for the development of a more structured, effective and accountable rule of law system in Haiti
  • Capacity-building support for political bloggers and journalists in Egypt through social media training
  • Support to destroy chemical weapons stockpiles, clear explosive remnants of war and secure stockpiles of conventional weapons in Libya
  • Jordan recently declared itself mine-free, thanks to Canadian support through GPSF
  • Further development and distribution of clean-cook stoves in Mexico, Senegal and Gambia
  • $39.5 million to develop the capacity of state agencies to address criminal activity in the Americas
  • $3.7 million to support responsible and beneficial private sector investment activity in developing countries
  • Core support to key international organizations including the United Nations, the World Health Organization, the International Organization of la Francophonie and the Organization of American States.
  • Canada's whole-of-government approach for coordinating natural disaster response abroad has been highlighted as an international good practice by the OECD Development Assistance Committee.

In order to maintain our status as a member in good standing, Canada is legally required to fund its assessed share of the operations costs of an international organization of which we are a member. This not only fulfils Canada's obligations as a member of these organizations, but also allows Canada to advance its foreign and development policy priorities in key multilateral forums.

Francophonie: $6,961,000

DFAIT's voluntary contributions to the Fonds Multilatéral Unique (FMU) of the International Organization of La Francophonie (IOF) were used, among other objectives, to fund cooperation initiatives aligned with commitments made by the IOF at Francophonie Summits. Four principles guided these initiatives: 1) promoting the French language, cultural and linguistic diversity; 2) promoting peace, democracy and human rights; 3) supporting education, training and research; and 4) developing cooperation for sustainable development. These priorities were pursued through the cooperation of four specialized operators including the Agence universitaire de la Francophonie (AUF), the international TV channel TV5, the Association internationale des maires francophones (AIMF), and the Université Senghor of Alexandria. Canada's contribution to the development of TV5 in Africa, and to the re-structuring of the education system in Haiti following the 2010 earthquake, are examples of projects that enhanced Canada's presence on the international stage for La Francophonie, an integral part of Canadian foreign policy.

Services Rendered Abroad: $77,471,400

Graph 3
DFAIT's total international assistance for 2011-2012

(Amount in thousands of dollars)

Assistance Amount ($)
Percent %
Security & stability 242,018.48 52
Assessed contributions 101,788 22
Services rendered Abroad 80,738.3 17
Advancing democracy 16,513.055 4
Children & youth 13,241.097 3
Sustainable economic growth 4,298.984 1
Voluntary contributions to Francophonie 6,961 1

In accordance with the Treasury Board Common Service Policy, the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade Act and the Interdepartmental Memorandum of Understanding on Operations and Support at Missions, DFAIT manages the procurement of goods, services, and real property in support of diplomatic and consular missions, including the provision of common services to partner departments. CIDA transfers funds to DFAIT for those common services provided to CIDA personnel, both Canada-based and locally-engaged, at Canada's diplomatic and consular missions abroad. These funds help to facilitate the presence of development officers in the field, supporting international assistance project implementation.

Conclusion

For fiscal year 2011-2012, DFAIT's ODA disbursements totalled $280.6 million, and supported four of the five thematic priorities of Canada's IAE. Activities ranged from international crisis response and peacekeeping efforts to climate change mitigation, scholarships, and private sector investment. Complementing DFAIT's ODA programming was an additional $185.0 million in non-ODA international assistance, predominately in security and stability programming (including anti-crime capacity building, counterterrorism capacity building, and weapons of mass destruction threat reduction), as well as international scholarships to non-ODA eligible countries and services rendered abroad, among others. This diverse range of programming, totalling $465.6 million in international assistance for 2011-2012, reflects the broad scope of DFAIT's work.

International Development Research Centre
$199.90 Million

In fiscal year 2011-2012, Canada's International Development Research Centre (IDRC) spent $241,994,086Footnote 21 towards official development assistance, of which parliamentary appropriations accounted for $199,898,900 (82.6 percent of the total).

IDRC is a Crown corporation that supports researchers and innovators in the developing world as they work to improve lives, promote growth and lift communities out of poverty. The remainder includes contributions from other funders, such as the Canadian International Development Agency, OECD governments, and private foundations.

IDRC provides researchers in developing countries with the funds, support and connections they need to find solutions to the pressing problems affecting their societies. IDRC also enables many of the brightest minds in Canada and the developing world to collaborate on cutting-edge projects. IDRC's programs and initiatives focus on four thematic areas: Agriculture and Environment; Global Health Policy; Science and Innovation; and Social and Economic Policy. At the end of 2011-2012, IDRC was supporting 879 applied research activities and 742 institutions, of which 97 were Canadian. The following examples attest to the Centre's commitment to making knowledge a tool for creating prosperity and opportunities throughout the developing world. More information on IDRC is available at IDRC Web site.

Development Innovation Fund

On behalf of the Government of Canada, IDRC administers a fund that is generating excitement around innovations for tackling specific diseases. The $225-million Development Innovation Fund supports the work of Grand Challenges Canada, which aims to enable global health breakthroughs by Canadian and developing-country scientists and the private sector. In 2011-2012, the fund awarded close to 30 grants to innovators to develop diagnostic tools, treatments, and preventive care strategies. The latest grand challenge, called Saving Brains (announced in October 2011), aims to encourage healthy brain development in children in developing countries.

African Institute for Mathematical Sciences

Mathematics underpins much of modern life, including information and communication technology, medicine, and finance. The African Institute for Mathematical Sciences seeks to provide the training and space in which Africa's brightest graduates can be taught by the world's best mathematicians—including Canadians—and access the full power of new technologies to address their countries' challenges. IDRC is responsible for managing the Government of Canada's $20-million contribution, which supports the establishment of five AIMS centres across Africa by 2015. The first AIMS centre was established in South Africa, and a second one opened in Senegal in September 2011.

Canadian International Food Security Research Fund

The Canadian International Food Security Research Fund, established with CIDA in 2009, brings together Canadian and developing-country researchers to work on practical, applied research aimed at improving food production and increasing access to nutritious food. The Fund provides a way for scientists and students from across Canada to tackle food-security challenges with counterparts in the developing world. By the end of 2011-2012, 19 teams involving 11 Canadian universities were working on livestock vaccines and improved farming methods, among other innovations, as part of the $62 million, five-year program.

African Adaptation Research Centres

Seven African Adaptation Research Centres, managed by IDRC and funded by the Government of Canada, are supporting innovative research to help African communities deal with the impacts of climate change. For example, an early warning system in Benin advises two million farmers about impending droughts and floods, and how to safeguard crops. The goal of the $10 million AARC project is to support better-informed policies and targeted investments.

Reducing Children's Pain

Around the world, children's pain is often under-estimated and inadequately treated. With a grant from the Global Health Research Initiative, a partnership of federal agencies including IDRC, researchers from Dalhousie University in Halifax and Khon Kaen University in Thailand have developed tools to measure and treat children's pain. Seven hospitals in northeastern Thailand now use the standardized approaches. The new practices, already adopted by some Brazilian hospitals, have led to the creation of the ChildKind Initiative, a program to reduce pediatric pain in health facilities worldwide. Since 2001, GHRI has enabled more than 250 Canadian researchers to work on innovative research with counterparts in more than 60 countries.

Safeguarding Health in a Changing Climate

Climate change poses a particular threat to indigenous people, who often live in remote areas and depend on the environment for their livelihoods. An international research team is studying the health impacts of climate change in indigenous communities in Canada's North, the Peruvian Amazon, and southwestern Uganda. Country teams bring scientists, indigenous organizations, and governments together to assess risks and develop responses. The project is supported through the International Research Initiative on Adaptation to Climate Change, with joint funding from IDRC, the Canadian Institutes of Health Research, the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council, and the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.

Responding to the Arab Spring

In early 2011, IDRC convened an expert working group to identify ways to promote the transition to democracy in Arab states. As a result, IDRC has been supporting the Arab Reform Initiative, International Crisis Group, and Carnegie Endowment for International Peace in their efforts to generate evidence to inform homegrown democratic reforms. This research also supports civil society and human rights organizations' participation in the transitions. These initiatives complement IDRC's deep engagement in the region and build on its experience in political transitions, notably in Chile and South Africa.

Mapping Harassment in Cairo

The social media that helped Egyptians protest for democracy is now driving another social transformation. Women in Cairo seldom reported sexual harassment in the past, but they are now using mobile phones to report catcalls, stalking, and assaults. HarassMap displays these reports on a searchable map, and identifies hotspots where extra caution and police protection is required. IDRC supports research that helps verify the crowd-sourced reports. The website won a 2011 World Summit Youth Award in the "Power 2 Women" category.

Training West Africa's Economists

Francophone Africa is short of economists with advanced training to analyze and devise solutions to local development problems. Overcoming that shortage is the goal of the IDRC-funded Nouveau programme de troisième cycle interuniversitaire en économie. The Burkina Faso-based program has graduated more than 1,500 master's and 100 doctoral students in 18 countries since 1994. Most are now working in universities, government, and the financial sector in their home countries. A new phase of the program will build links with Canadian institutions and recruit more female students.

Understanding the Facts on Tobacco

A tough tobacco-control law passed in August 2011 was a breakthrough for Lebanon, where more than 40 percent of the population smokes. The new law bans smoking in enclosed public places and tobacco advertising, and requires a large pictorial warning on tobacco packages. IDRC-funded research carried out by the American University in Beirut provided evidence to support the law. For instance, AUB found that the state spent more on tobacco than it earned: the annual health and environmental costs of tobacco consumption exceeded the US$55 million in revenues generated from tobacco taxes and other sources.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada
$130.86 Million

Citizenship and Immigration Canada's official development assistance for 2011-2012 totalled $130,858,138 Footnote 22 amounting to the federal support provided to refugees in their first 12 months in Canada.

As a member of the international community, Canada helps find solutions to new and prolonged refugee situations and helps emerging democracies to solve the problems that result in forced displacement of peoples. Canada provides assistance to refugees overseas, through multilateral and bilateral channels, and to refugees who arrive in Canada, either as asylum seekers or through the refugee resettlement program.

In accordance with the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees, the asylum system exercises Canada's international responsibility to provide protection to asylum seekers who have landed in Canada and have been determined to be in need of protection. In 2011-2012, Canada granted protection to more than 12,500 asylum seekers who received positive determinations by the Immigration and Refugee Board.

The refugee resettlement program is part of Canada's managed immigration plan. In 2011-2012, Canada resettled nearly 7,100 government-assisted refugees and nearly 5,100 privately-sponsored refugees, from more than 60 different nationalities. Particular focus was placed on Iraqi refugees in the Middle East, Bhutanese refugees in Nepal, vulnerable religious minorities and members of the gay, lesbian, bisexual and transgender (GLBT) community. Resettlement spaces were also used for Afghans who supported the Canadian mission in Kandahar and were in a compelling humanitarian situation in Afghanistan. Canada is a global leader in refugee resettlement and has committed to increasing the number of refugees resettled to as many as 14,500 refugees per year by 2013.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada provides funding to a variety of programs that support refugees' settlement and adaptation into Canadian life. Through the Settlement Program, refugees are eligible for services including needs assessments, language training, employment counseling, community orientations, translation services, and referrals to other programs. Refugees also access basic health services through the federally funded Interim Federal Health Program and/or provincially funded health care. Refugees who arrive as government-assisted refugees also receive support through the Resettlement Assistance Program, which provides income support for up to 12 months (up to 36 months in exceptional cases), and immediate settlement support including initial reception services at the port of entry, assistance with finding accommodation, financial orientations, community orientations, and referrals to other settlement programs.

The reporting as ODA of assistance to refugees during their first 12 months in Canada is consistent with guidelines provided by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. For developing countries, which host the majority of refugees, caring for refugees implies a significant additional burden to an already fragile economy. Providing asylum and resettlement to refugees in Canada therefore contributes to poverty reduction in developing countries. By providing refugees with settlement services and, in some cases, income support, Citizenship and Immigration Canada ensures that refugees have the support they need to overcome challenges, realize their potential, and become full contributors to Canadian social and economic life.

Citizenship and Immigration Canada works closely with the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees to ensure that Canada's resettlement program is able to offer protection to those most in need and is used strategically to relieve the responsibility of refugee protection on host states in the developing world. In addition, the Department frequently discusses the assistance provided to refugees during their first year in Canada with stakeholders including provinces and territories, the community of private sponsors known as Sponsorship Agreement Holders, the Resettlement Assistance Program Working Group, Service-Providing Organizations, and the Canadian Council for Refugees.

For more information on Canada's refugee programs, please visit Citizenship and Immigration CanadaRefugees.

Department of National Defence
$128,038

The official development assistance of the Department of National Defence (DND) for 2011-2012 totaled $128,038.Footnote 23.

DND's ODA activities consisted of the following:

Provincial Reconstruction Team—Afghanistan: $128,038

Between August 2005 and August 2010 Canada was responsible for the Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) which sought to reinforce the authority of the Afghan government in Kandahar Province, monitor security, promote Afghan government policies and priorities among local authorities, and facilitate security-sector reforms. Following the transition of responsibility for the Kandahar PRT to the United States in August 2010, Canada maintained the deputy director position until Canadian operations at the PRT ceased on 22 June 2011. DND disbursements represent ODA-attributable close-out activities during the first quarter of fiscal year 2011-2012.

Royal Canadian Mounted Police
$38.69 Million

The official development assistance provided by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) during 2011-2012 totaled $38,689,685.Footnote 24.

The RCMP, on behalf of the Government of Canada, deploys police officers to peace operations around the world. In 2011-2012, the RCMP's International Peace Operation Branch (IPOB) deployed Canadian police to 16 separate missions in 12 countries. The police assist in rebuilding and strengthening police services in countries that have had, or are currently experiencing, conflict or upheaval. By building the capacity of foreign police to maintain law and order, Canadian police, in cooperation with international partners, help create a safer and more stable environment. This in turn paves the way for long-term development, and can also prevent illicit activities from spilling across borders into other countries, including Canada.

Foreign requests for Canadian police assistance come from organizations such as the United Nations, the European Union or from specific countries. The decision to deploy Canadian police is made within the framework of the Canadian Police Arrangement (CPA) a partnership between DFAIT, CIDA, Public Safety Canada, and the RCMP. Funding for salaries, benefits, and operations and management (O&M) is provided by the RCMP, while funding for incremental costs is provided by the GPSF (as discussed in Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada's "Security and Stability" section of this report).

Under the CPA, the RCMP is responsible for all operational activities. As such, IPOB is responsible for managing every stage of deployment, from selection and pre-deployment training, to ongoing medical and logistical support, to reviewing results and reintegration of returning personnel. More information on the CPA and IPOB is available on the RCMP website.

Canadian police participated in the following operations and organizations during 2011-2012:

  • Afghanistan: NATO Training Mission (NTM-A)/Combined-Security Transition Command Afghanistan (CSTC-A)
  • Afghanistan: European Union Police Mission (EUPOL)
  • Afghanistan: Canadian Embassy
  • Afghanistan: Kandahar Provincial Reconstruction Team (KPRT) (Canadian police participation ended June 2011)
  • Canada's Permanent Mission to the UN in New York (PRMNY) as a Senior Police Advisor.
  • Côte d'Ivoire: United Nations Operation in Côte d'Ivoire (UNOCI)
  • Democratic Republic Of Congo: United Nations Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUSCO)
  • Guatemala: Police Reform Commission
  • Kosovo: European Union Rule of Law mission (EULEX) (Canadian police participation ended in June 2011).
  • Kyrgyzstan: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE)
  • Haiti: United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH)
  • Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) in The Hague, Netherlands (non-ODA)
  • Sudan and South Sudan: African Union/ United Nations hybrid operation in Darfur (UNAMID) (no deployments since October 2011 due to visa restrictions).
  • Sudan and South-Sudan: United Nations Mission in Sudan (UNMIS) followed by the United Nations Mission in South Sudan (UNMISS).
  • Sudan and South Sudan: United Nations Development Program (UNPD) in South Sudan.
  • West Bank: European Union Police Coordinating Office for Palestinian Police Support (EUPOL COPPS).
Table 4 : Total 2011-2012 ODA Disbursements

Mission Total RCMP A-Base including EBP
Afghanistan NTM-A/CSTC-A 3,401,669
Afghanistan Eupol 1,222,733
Afghanistan Kabul Embassy 532,069
Afghanistan Prt 1 948,835
Congo 580,090
Geneva Centre For The Democratic Control Of Armed Forces (DCAF) 7,476
Guatemala 222,874
Haiti 11,825,386
Haiti Reconstruction 8,038,908
HQ Support 7,342,168
Ivory Coast 934,602
Kosovo 224,908
Kyrgyzstan 2,415
Palestine—Eupol Copps 241,870
PRMNY 183,920
Sudan 1,545,406
Sudan—Rule of Law 383,560
Sudan—Darfur 50,796
Peacekeeping A-base total incl. EBP 38,689,685

Notes:

  1. Total cost includes Employee Benefit Plan (EBP)
  2. The total cost does not include expenditures associated to the Corporate Infrastructure, rent and the Contingent liability.
  3. Canadian participation in DCAF ended 31 March 2011; however, end of mission costs were incurred in 2011-2012.

Health Canada
$12.38 Million

The Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) serves as the Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization, as well as the technical health agency of the Organization of American States. PAHO's mission is to lead strategic collaborative efforts among member states and other partners to promote equity in health, combat disease, and improve the quality of life and lengthen the lifespan of peoples of the Americas. Canada's assessed contribution to PAHO, estimated at $12,375,290Footnote 25 supports this mission.

Canada has been an active member of PAHO since 1971, playing a leadership role in advancing governance and program policy issues at the organization. Through PAHO, Canada advances multilateral and bilateral relations in health, and provides technical cooperation and capacity building.

Canadian technical experts are regularly called upon to participate in regional meetings and initiatives. Small-scale health projects are also supported through the PAHO-Canada Biennial Workplan Budget, managed by Health Canada and PAHO. This allows for partnerships between Canada and Latin America and the Caribbean to advance strategic health priorities.

For example, support from PAHO and Health Canada has deepened and secured important new ground in health and health care. The cooperation strengthens health systems and includes health human resources, access to primary health care, e-health technologies, and strengthening national regulatory authorities in pharmaceuticals, medical devices, biologics, and food safety. Regional mental health initiatives, together with substance-use reduction, are priorities that have involved efforts to strengthen primary health care services, health human-resource curriculum development and training, and design of culturally specific interventions to tackle indigenous well-being.

More information on Canada's cooperation with PAHO is available on the PAHO-Canada Portal website.

Environment Canada
$5.99 Million

In fiscal year 2011-2012, Environment Canada provided a total of $5,998,000Footnote 26 in official development assistance through three types of activities: support for multilateral environmental organizations; climate change actions in developing countries supported by Canada's fast-start financing; and bilateral technical cooperation and capacity-building with developing countries.

Environment Canada recognizes that international cooperation on environmental issues is of growing importance, and environmental sustainability is an essential element for global economic and social well-being. For developing countries that must depend on ecosystem goods and services for their livelihood, environmental changes caused by over-exploitation of natural resources and degradation of the environment directly harm their most vulnerable populations. However, efforts to preserve and improve the environment in developing countries lead to enhanced fulfilment of basic needs, improved living standards, and a safer, more prosperous future.

Support for Multilateral Environmental Organizations

Environment Canada provides support to various multilateral organizations to assist developing countries in improving environmental conditions and, therefore, improving the livelihoods of vulnerable populations in these countries. The Department provides annual support to the Multilateral Fund for the Implementation of the Montreal Protocol, which works to ensure that the phase-out of ozone-depleting substances does not adversely affect the economies of developing countries. Environment Canada also provided financial support to specific-purpose funds managed by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), specifically: the UNEP Global Environment Monitoring System Water Programme, the primary source for global water quality data, and the trust fund supporting the negotiations process to prepare a global legally binding instrument on mercury.

Support to other multilateral organizations included funding to: the International Network for Bamboo and Rattan to implement projects in Africa, Asia, and Latin America that integrate poverty reduction with environmental sustainability; the Group on Earth Observations to support the provision of comprehensive and coordinated Earth observations. And finally, the Department also provides Canada's annual contribution to the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), as well as voluntary contributions to WMO-managed trust funds, which support developing countries in strengthening their national meteorological and hydrological services.

Climate Change Actions in Developing Countries Supported by Canada's Fast-Start Financing

As part of Canada's commitment to support developing countries' efforts to address and adapt to climate change, and to provide its fair share of fast-start financing, Canada is contributing $1.2 billion in new and additional climate change financing over the three-year fast-start financing period (fiscal year 2010-2011 to fiscal year 2012-2013).

Of this amount, more than $1 billion has already been committed to programs that will support developing countries' efforts to address and adapt to climate change. So far, the Government of Canada has issued $400 million to delivery partnersFootnote 27 in fiscal year 2010-2011, and more than $394 million in fiscal year 2011-2012.

In fiscal year 2011-2012, Environment Canada supported projects designed to tackle emissions from short-lived climate pollutants through: the development and implementation of Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions in Mexico, Chile and Colombia; and the deployment of clean cookstoves in Colombia, Mexico, Peru and Ghana, through the Global Alliance for Clean Cookstoves. The Department also provided funding to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) Supplementary Fund to support developing countries with technical activities that help them implement their goals and commitments under the UNFCCC, as well as an initiative to build the capacity of Honduran officials to assess the vulnerability of public infrastructures to climate impacts.

Technical Cooperation and Capacity-Building with Developing Countries

Environment Canada also engages in technical cooperation and capacity-building with various developing countries on environmental issues that directly affect the environment and well-being of developing-country citizens. This included support for international training events and capacity building initiatives on key environmental issues, including bilateral workshops with China on environmental-emergency management as well as mercury.

Environment Canada, through the Canadian Wildlife Service, also provided support to countries throughout the Caribbean, Central and South America to provide capacity development to enable the long-term monitoring and conservation of waterbirds. Projects included the characterization of shorebirds in the Patagonia region, training and waterbird monitoring in the Cienaga Grande de Santa Marta Ecoregion and support to the Southern Cone Grasslands Alliance.

Finally, cooperative activities were undertaken with Chile and Peru under bilateral environment agreements. The Department provided support to Chile within the context of the 1997 Canada-Chile Agreement on Environmental Cooperation, related to parks management, enforcement of wildlife trading regulations, pulp and paper effluent monitoring, and conservation of shared migratory birds. Environment Canada also provided support to Peru under the Canada-Peru Agreement on the Environment, to increase capacity and enhance environmental protection regarding issues of mutual concern, including migratory birds and environmental enforcement.

Labour Canada
$1.67 Million

Labour Canada's Official Development Assistance (ODA) for fiscal year 2011-2012 totalled $1,674,000.Footnote 28.

The Labour Program negotiates and administers Canada's Labour Cooperation Agreements (LCAs), which are signed alongside Free Trade Agreements. LCAs include commitments to protect internationally recognized core labour rights and to enforce domestic labour laws. LCAs are intended to protect workers' basic rights and improve working conditions and standards of living in the signatory countries. These agreements also ensure fair competition for Canadian industry in a globalized world. Canada's latest generation of LCAs contains mechanisms to receive and investigate complaints and impose penalties, where warranted.

In addition to negotiating and administering LCAs, the Labour Program provides technical assistance to developing countries. This assistance funds capacity-building projects that support the modernization of labour policy and administration. Such projects foster better enforcement of national labour laws and greater respect for internationally recognized core labour standards.

Through its technical assistance program, the Labour Program seeks to strengthen institutions of democratic governance; promote economic growth while respecting workers' rights; and improve the quality of working conditions in partner countries. To achieve these goals, grants were provided to international organizations and regional non-governmental organizations (NGOs):

  • $200,000 to the Organization of American States to strengthen the institutional and human capacity of Labour Ministries of the hemisphere through an integrating mechanism for the sharing and dissemination of knowledge and experiences.
  • $200,000 to the International Labour Organization (ILO) program in Jordan to improve the level of compliance with national labour laws in the Export Processing Zone (EPZ) of Aqaba, a port located on the Red Sea (South of Jordan).  This will be accomplished through the strengthening of two components: labour inspection and collective bargaining.
  • $250,000 to the ILO program in Morocco to promote the ILO 1998 Declaration on Fundamental Principles and Rights at Work with particular emphasis on strengthening social dialogue at the institutional and procedural level.
  • $250,000 to the Central American regional NGO FUNPADEM (Fundacion par la Paz y la Democracia) to improve the capacities of labour ministries in Honduras and Costa Rica to enforce domestic labour laws, with emphasis on social dialogue and professional training as tools to generate a culture of compliance.
  • $250,000 to FUNPADEM to strengthen the capacity of labour ministries in Panama and the Dominican Republic to comply with their respective domestic labour legislation and internationally recognized labour standards.

Natural Resources Canada
$2.73 Million

Natural Resources Canada's official development assistance for fiscal year 2011-2012 totalled $2,726,435.60Footnote 29 delivered through the African Model Forest Initiative, a follow-up to Canada's commitments made at the 2008 Francophonie Summit in Quebec City.

The African Model Forest Initiative (AMFI) aims to improve the conservation and sustainable management of forest resources in Francophone Africa, including the Congo Basin and Mediterranean region (Morocco, Tunisia, Algeria) through Canada's Model Forest approach.

The AMFI supports good governance, human resource and local economic development, and the sustainable management of forest-based landscapes. Bilateral assistance is provided to local, regional and national organizations to support local initiatives aimed at enhancing ecological and community sustainability through Model Forest development. Activities undertaken by the AMFI make a positive contribution toward constructive dialogue processes related to natural resource management and land use among both government and civil society stakeholders.

The African Model Forest Network (AMFN) was established in 2009 as a subset of the International Model Forest Network with support from NRCan. The AMFN's mission is to facilitate the development of a pan-African network of Model Forests representative of the continent's wealth and diversity.  The African Network currently includes Model Forests at various stages of development in Cameroon, the Democratic Republic of Congo, the Central African Republic, Rwanda, Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia.  The latter three are also involved in a Mediterranean Model Forest Network, along with other initiatives in countries such as Spain, France, Italy, Croatia, Greece and Turkey.

Through the AMFI, NRCan supports partnerships developed between the African Model Forest Network and Canadian Model Forests, universities and NGOs in areas of participatory governance, community and economic development, research and capacity building.

Since 2010 NRCan has actively supported, along with CIDA and DFAIT, the Government of Canada's Facilitation of the Congo Basin Forest Partnership.  NRCan views the AMFI Program as a key contribution to the success of the Facilitation.  The Program also works with Canadian organizations with views to integrating and complementing programming where possible. The Congo Basin is one of the regions with the most severe illegal logging and deforestation problems in the world, causing serious economic, social, and environmental problems.

Industry Canada
$1.16 Million

Canada's voluntary contribution to the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) for fiscal year 2011-2012 totalled $6,461,251 CAD and 18 percent ($1,163,025Footnote 30) is ODA-applicable.Footnote 31

ITU membership includes 193 Member States as well as some 700 Sector Members and Associates representing a cross-section of the telecommunication and information technology industry and a multitude of international, regional, scientific, and development organizations in the communications field.

Industry Canada is Canada's official representative and serves on the Governing Council of 48 Member States. Canada has served as an elected Council member since 1947.

Some 20 Canadian organizations participating as paying industry members/associates include: Ericsson Canada, Research in Motion, Telesat Canada, Bell Canada, Telus Communications, MBNA Canada, Microsoft Canada, Rogers Communication Partnership, Ebrisk Video, Institut de Recherche d'Hydro-Quebec, etc. (The list of members is available on the ITU website, under "ITU Membership"). Private sector organizations, including  Sector Members, Associates, and Academia, make substantial monetary contributions to the ITU which represent approximately 14.6 percent of the ITU's contribution income.

Role of the ITU

The mandate of the ITU is to enable the growth and sustained development of telecommunications and information networks, and to facilitate universal access so that people everywhere can participate in, and benefit from, the emerging information society and global economy. The ability to communicate freely is a pre-requisite for a more equitable, prosperous and peaceful world. The ITU assists in mobilizing the technical, financial and human resources needed to make this vision a reality.

All the elements of ITU's work are centred around the goal of putting every human being within easy and affordable reach of information and communication and to contribute significantly towards the economic and social development of all people. This is carried out through the development of standards to create infrastructure to deliver telecommunication services on a worldwide basis. A key activity is the equitable management of the radio-frequency spectrum and satellite orbits to help bring wireless services to every corner of the world. It also provides support to countries as they pursue telecommunication development strategies.

The ITU also concentrates on strengthening emergency communications for disaster prevention and mitigation. While both developing and developed countries are equally vulnerable to natural disasters, poorer nations are hardest hit because of their already fragile economies and lack of resources.

The ITU's dual responsibility, as a United Nations specialized agency and an executing agency for implementing projects under the United Nations development system or other funding arrangements, consists of:

  • assisting countries in the field of information and communication technologies (ICTs), in facilitating the mobilization of technical, human, and financial resources needed for their implementation, as well as in promoting access to ICTs;
  • promoting the extension of the benefits of ICTs to all the world's inhabitants;
  • promoting and participating in actions that contribute towards narrowing the digital divide; and
  • developing and managing programs that facilitate information flow geared to the needs of developing countries.

In 1997, an ICT Development Fund was established for specific telecommunication development projects primarily in the least-developed countries, small-island developing states, landlocked developing countries, and countries with economies in transition. Of the 92 projects commenced within the program, 60 were successfully completed.

Parks Canada
$553,703

Parks Canada's official development assistance for the 2011-2012 fiscal year amounts to $553,703.Footnote 32

These contributions have been identified and tabulated consistent with both the Government of Canada's Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and with reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the OECD.

Overall, Parks Canada provides official development assistance at two levels, multilaterally and bilaterally. Its multilateral funding includes its annual core contribution to UNESCO's World Heritage Fund and its membership dues as Canada's representative to the World Conservation Union (IUCN), in the amounts of $108,857.32 and $418,845.69 respectively.

Bilateral ODA work was undertaken by Parks Canada in 2011-2012 under an MOU with the Kenya Wildlife Service. It consisted of funding for a workshop in the amount of $26,000 to establish a framework for engaging stakeholders in park-management planning.

Transport Canada
$426,093

Transport Canada's official development assistance for the 2011-2012 fiscal year amounts to $426,093.Footnote 33

In order to address a need to improve flight safety, the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) established the Cooperative Development of Operational Safety and Continuing Airworthiness Project (COSCAP).

Since 2003, Canada has been a participant in COSCAP's North Asia (COSCAP-NA) program, which includes the People's Republic of China, the Democratic People's Republic of Korea, Mongolia, and the Republic of Korea as recipient countries.

Transport Canada's overall contribution to COSCAP takes two forms: grants and in-kind contributions. The monetary contribution in 2011-2012 was $130,000.00.

In addition, the Canada Post Corporation makes an annual assessed contribution to the Universal Postal Union. These contributions have been reflected in previous reports on official development assistance. The assessed contribution for 2011 was 1,671,520 Swiss Francs; for 2012 it is 1,670,800 Swiss Francs (or approximately $1.8 million Canadian).

Appendix: Summary of CIDA's 2010-2011
Departmental Performance Report

CIDA contributed in 2010-2011 to ensuring food security, generating sustainable economic growth, giving children and youth a better future, and responding to humanitarian crises.

To carry out its mandate and maintain its operations in 2010-2011, CIDA planned $3,247,997,000 in spending, with total authorities of $4,029,966,364. Actual spending for that period was $3,614,580,474. The variance between 2010-2011 planned and actual spending mainly reflects the supplementary funding received for programs and initiatives such as the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health (MNCH) and delivery of humanitarian assistance following the floods in Pakistan.

Overall Performance

CIDA's Report on Plans and Priorities for 2010-2011 set out three indicators of progress in poverty reduction.

1. Percentage of population below the international poverty line of US$1.25 per day

Strong economic growth across the greater part of the developing world reduced the number of people living on less than $1.25 a day by almost 500 million people between 2005 and 2010. However, poverty has increased in some countries where CIDA engages in international development. In Tanzania, for instance, although the country has seen strong economic growth, its rapid population growth has meant poverty still affects one third of the population and has kept it dependent on foreign aid. Indonesia has also experienced strong economic growth countered, however, by regional disparities and environmental threats that have left many in poverty and vulnerable to reversals.

2. Gender Inequality Index in countries where CIDA engages in international development

Progress in global gender equality is mixed. The Gender Inequality Index (GII) shows the loss to potential achievement in a country due to gender inequality across three dimensions: reproductive health, empowerment, and the labour market. The low-income countries where CIDA engages in international development continue to rank between 83rd (Rwanda) and 137th (Democratic Republic of the Congo) on the GIIFootnote 34; for fragile states, the formerly unified Sudan ranks 106th, Haiti 119th and Afghanistan 134th. Of the countries in which CIDA engages, middle income countries are faring better in terms of addressing gender inequality, with the best ranking in that category going to China in 38th place and the worst at 108th for Egypt.

3. Status of children and youth in countries where CIDA engages in international development

Child mortality rates in CIDA's 20 countries of focus dropped 19 points from 2005 to 2009, to an average of 74 deaths per 1,000 live birthsFootnote 35. The majority of CIDA's countries of focus are on target to meet Millennium Development Goal (MDG) 2, i.e. providing universal access to primary education, but globally 69 million girls and 28 million children living in conflict-affected and fragile states still remain out of school.

Priorities

In 2010-2011, CIDA made progress in all of its five program and management priorities.

1. Canada's strategic role in Haiti and Afghanistan

CIDA made some progress on this priority in 2010-2011, applying its experience to strengthen Canada's role in the reconstruction and development of those two countries:

  • Afghanistan: CIDA provided $215 million in assistance to Afghanistan in 2010-2011. CIDA was particularly involved in three projects: the Education Quality Improvement Project (EQUIP) that helped build or renovate around 800 schools; the Arghandab Irrigation Rehabilitation Project; and eight immunization campaigns to eradicate polio that targeted more than seven million children.
  • Haiti: CIDA disbursed a total of $238 million in assistance to Haiti in 2010-2011. Commitments made by Canada following the earthquake, as well as the Agency's five-year program (2006-2011) to Haiti, allowed a number of results to be achieved. They included: strengthened health services through the establishment of seven health centres to serve more than 1.5 million Haitians; strengthened financial services for 369,000 Haitians who belong to a network of savings and credit unions; and the improved capability to rapidly detect cholera epidemics in order to alert Haitian authorities.

2. Increasing food security

In line with its Food Security Strategy, CIDA made significant progress in this priority:

  • In 2010, Canada supported the Micronutrient Initiative's work that provided an estimated 267.6 million children with vitamin A supplementation, ensured that 238 million people had iodized salt, distributed 5.6 million zinc tablets to children, and fortified 39,550 metric tonnes of food with iron.
  • In 2009-2010, through a CIDA-funded Pan-African initiative, more than four million households accessed improved seeds. Fifty-eight percent of those who obtained seeds were women farmers. CIDA continued to support the $62-million Canadian International Food Security Research Fund, jointly administered with the International Development Research Centre. Its aim is to encourage applied research between Canadian and developing-country organizations.

3. Securing the future of children and youth

CIDA has been working to ensure the full implementation of the Children and Youth Strategy through all investment channels. Children and Youth has been identified as a thematic priority for 16 of CIDA's countries of focus and relevant programs have been designed and launched. For example:

  • Child survival, including maternal health: CIDA supported the Muskoka Initiative for Maternal, Newborn and Child Health. CIDA also supported the Primate's World Relief and Development Fund allowing more than 250,000 women, children, youth and men in Bangladesh, Mozambique and Tanzania to directly benefit from HIV/AIDS prevention measures, access to safe water, enhanced nutrition, and food security through the program.
  • Access to a quality education: As the lead donor in the education sector in Senegal, CIDA supported the training of more than 20,000 new teachers.
  • Safe and secure futures for children and youth: In Sudan, CIDA collaborated with UNICEF to support the reintegration of children into their communities and provided at-risk children with skills and resources to prevent recruitment into armed groups.

4. Stimulating sustainable economic growth

Launched in 2010, CIDA's sustainable Economic Growth Strategy intends to harness the potential of sustainable economic growth to reduce poverty in developing countries. In 2010-2011, efforts focused on creating a solid basis from which to implement the Sustainable Economic Growth approach across relevant programs. Great results were seen in Bolivia with the establishment of a tax collection unit that administers hydrocarbon taxes and in Pakistan with the Capacity Building and Women-Focused Value Chain Development project.

5. Achieving management and program delivery excellence

Turn-around time in assessing proposals to Canadian Partnership BranchFootnote 36 has been cut by more than half. Lessons learned are influencing the development of Agency-wide programming processes that are being piloted in the 2011-2012 fiscal year. In addition to more efficient business processes, over the next five years the Agency will continue the process of decentralizing management of bilateral programs to the field.

Program Activities

CIDA defined six core program activities that support its strategic outcome in its Program Activity Architecture (PAA).

These program activities are based on the PAA in effect during the 2010-2011 reporting period.

1. Fragile countries and crisis-affected communities ($955,192,839)

There was significant progress in two of its performance indicators: 1) effectiveness of humanitarian assistance delivery to crisis-affected populations, and 2) level of access to key services for women, men and children. This progress enhanced the responsiveness of humanitarian assistance to address the immediate needs of crisis-affected populations and increased the effectiveness in responding to basic needs and providing better access to key services.

In 2010-2011, CIDA achieved results through investment in key sectors:

  • Natural disasters— CIDA responded to 40 natural disasters in 2010-2011, including Typhoon Megi in the Philippines, flooding in Colombia, and the twin earthquake and volcano eruption in Indonesia. The flooding in Pakistan being the largest disaster, CIDA provided $71.8 million to experienced partners to help deliver food, clean drinking water, sanitation and medical care (including reproductive health care), protection and coordination services, while at the same time carrying out key early recovery activities.
  • Food assistance— In 2010-2011, CIDA contributed food assistance, mostly through the World Food Programme and the Canadian Foodgrains Bank, which delivered 4.6 million metric tonnes of food assistance to more than 109 million people in 75  countries, including Sudan, Niger, Afghanistan and Côte d'Ivoire.
  • Recovery and reconstruction— In Haiti, the Agency worked with the Inter-American Development Bank to rehabilitate a stretch of a regional highway that serves approximately 180,000 inhabitants in Northern Haiti, thereby decreasing travel times from four hours to one, reducing post-harvest losses and improving access to markets. In Afghanistan, CIDA supported the training of 1,931 teachers in Kandahar Province as well as the building, repair and expansion  of hundreds of schools.
  • Supporting institutional strengthening and aid effectiveness— Following the earthquake in Haiti, Canada was among the first donors to provide financial and technical support to the launching and operations of the Interim Haiti Recovery Commission (IHRC). CIDA financed the purchase of office equipment and supplies, the recruitment process for management positions, as well as the temporary assignment of management and support personnel as needed. CIDA's financial support also made possible the construction of three temporary facilities, which provided workspace for 300 people and enabled the ministries of health and agriculture to resume their work as well as housing the IHRC.  In West Bank Gaza, CIDA continued to support the Palestinian reform efforts with a particular focus on building capacity for justice sector institutions and supporting the creation of a better enabling environment for economic growth.
  • Supporting electoral processes— In January 2011, an historic referendum on southern independence took place in Sudan. Through a $7 million contribution to the United Nations Development Programme's Referendum Basket Fund, CIDA supported the organization, operations, and monitoring of the referendum. This support helped to achieve the near-universal participation of citizens in the South.

2. Low-income countries ($890,074,740)

During the year, CIDA support contributed to significant progress in two of its performance indicators: 1) evidence of improved access to key services and economic opportunities stemming from CIDA-funded endeavours, and 2) evidence of policy improvements and increased capacity stemming from CIDA-funded endeavours. With partner countries, CIDA undertook activities and initiatives that directly benefit poor communities, and in particular, those that can take advantage of targeted opportunities to improve people's lives. These are some of the specific results:

  • In Mali, with CIDA support for the Rice Initiative, the production of cereals, which is the staple food in Mali, increased from 3.7 million metric tonnes in 2006-2007 to 6.3 million metric tonnes in 2009-2010.
  • In Tanzania, CIDA's support to essential health services contributed to a rise in  the proportion of births taking place at health facilities from 47 percent in 2005 to 59 percent in 2010-2011 and a reduction of infant mortality from 6.8 percent in 2005 to 5.1 percent in 2010-2011.
  • In Ethiopia, CIDA provided support to the Ethiopian Human Rights Commission (EHCR) through the multi-donor Democratic Institutions Programme. This resulted in the establishment of 60 legal aid centres, improving access to legal support and representation for Ethiopians. Through the same program, CIDA support helped improve the effectiveness of the Office of the Auditor General by training 293 auditors with the application of audit manuals, international standards, and code of ethics.

3. Middle-income countries ($321,050,289)

Significant progress was recorded in 2010-2011 toward country development goals such as health and education under the children and youth thematic priority. Some progress was also made in supporting food security and economic growth as well as improving democratic governance. The success of CIDA's initiatives, based on needs defined by the partner country, provides continuing evidence of the importance of the country-led approach. These are specific results:

  • In Peru, CIDA helped increase the quality of basic education in the north. Support was provided to help regional governments adopt and implement new educational models. Some 1,000 teachers and 21,000 school children in La Libertad have directly benefited. Initial results showed an increase in reading comprehension by 400 percent and in mathematics by 300 percent.
  • In Honduras, technical assistance in agricultural production, desertification, and sustainable management techniques was provided to smallholder farmers, particularly women. The project was able to certify eight community forests, which covered 106.2 hectares of forest and 11.4 acres of reforested land. It also represents an increase of 76 percent of annual production of pine resin and 216 percent of annual production of sawn timber.
  • In Bolivia, CIDA partners with UNICEF to help improve maternal and child health. In 2010, 19,600 nutrition training sessions were provided to families in small communities, resulting in 120,000 parents with increased understanding of nutritional needs and available solutions. A total of 1,788 families in 24 municipalities also received training in best practices for maintaining hygiene.

4. Global engagement and strategic policy ($1,078,059,884)

This program activity shapes international development policy in Canada and globally and contributes to greater aid effectiveness among our multilateral and global partners. Among the major activities during the year was the launch of the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health at the G-8 Summit in Canada. CIDA is contributing $2.85 billion over five years to this initiative, of which about 80 percent will support country-led efforts in African countries. This provided critical momentum to the UN Secretary-General's Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health, which has resulted in an estimated $40 million in commitments from all partners. Among the main results of this program activity were the following:

  • Strengthened accountability: Canada led the first-ever G-8 accountability report and the Prime Minister was invited to co-chair the UN Commission on Information and Accountability for Women's and Children's Health, which was tasked to develop an accountability framework  in support of the UN Secretary General's Global Strategy for Women's and Children's Health. 
  • Strengthened aid effectiveness: CIDA developed its first Multilateral Effectiveness Strategy and accompanying institutional strategies for key multilateral partners and continued to be a leading member of the Multilateral Organisation Performance Assessment Network. 
  • CIDA continued to play a constructive role in helping to strengthen coordination and accountability within the UN system as the fourth-largest donor to the "Delivering As One" initiative.

CIDA's multilateral funding is highly focused, with 95 percent of its long-term institutional support going to 15 multilateral and global organizations. Among the results these organizations have achieved, thanks to support from the international community including Canada, are:

  • Globally, 6.2 million lives have been saved, HIV/AIDS treatment has been provided to 3.2 million people, 190 million bed nets to prevent malaria have been distributed, and 8.2 million cases of tuberculosis have been detected and treated through the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria
  • In Africa, 16 million people have better access to health care through the building or equipping of some 1,932 health centres and training of 17,200 health care workers. More than 16 million people have better access to transport through the 16,058 km of national roads provided through the African Development Bank.

5. Canadian engagement ($251,493,972)

This program activity supports overseas initiatives of Canadian organizations, promotes international development in Canada and informs the Canadian public. CIDA's goals included improved effectiveness of Canadian organizations and increased participation by Canadians in international development efforts. Among the main results of this program activity were:

  • Improved effectiveness: CIDA modernized its approach to funding efforts of Canadian partners by encouraging them to focus their efforts in fewer countries and concentrate on CIDA's thematic priorities.  The Agency also redesigned its funding mechanism away from continuous intake of proposals to regular calls for proposals to select the most meritorious partners and projects.  Calls were launched for specific themes, such as the Muskoka Initiative on Maternal, Newborn and Child Health and Haiti Reconstruction, as well as for ongoing and new projects.
  • Increased information and participation by the public: CIDA launched the Global Citizenship Program to support public awareness, education, knowledge and youth participation initiatives.  As part of this program, CIDA launched two initiatives to target previously under-represented youth: International Aboriginal Youth Internships and the International School Twinning Initiative pilot project.
  • Major outreach activities, which reached tens of thousands of Canadians, included: a photo exhibit by young Afghan photographers; an interactive multimedia exhibit on Afghanistan; various events related to Haiti; International Development Week; and CIDA's ongoing speakers program.  Canadians were increasingly exposed to information on international development and development results through greater use by CIDA of social media, including Twitter, YouTube and Flickr, as well as CIDA's online Project Browser.
  • Through its Multilateral Elections Observations Program, Canada contributed 516 Canadian observers to 32 missions in 23 countries.  CIDA's International Youth Internship Program enabled Canadian organizations to send 574 interns, aged 19-30, for six-month internships with developing-country partners.  CIDA also supported Canadian organizations which sent 1,942 volunteers ranging in age from 18-80 to work from two weeks to two years to strengthen the capacity of local partners.

6. Internal Services ($118,708,751)

Internal services provides support to CIDA programming for the delivery of the Canadian aid program. It includes governance and management support, human and financial resources management services, and asset-management services. In 2010-2011, the Agency made progress in two areas:

  • recruitment— CIDA remained an employer of choice as evidenced by the 3,800 applicants in its national recruitment campaign launched to fill four positions for its New Development Officer Program.
  • renewing the workplace—  by taking innovative steps towards transforming the workplace through introduction of new Web 2.0 technologies supporting a more collaborative work environment, E-Collaboration tools were introduced, better connecting people to people and people to information on a modern Web 2.0 platform, and facilitating the establishment of focused online communities, thematic discussions, and knowledge-sharing forums.

Notes

Footnote 1

The term "department" is used here for any Canadian federal entity that reports ODA, as per the Act.

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Footnote 2

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 3

In order to carry out its activities, CIDA receives services without charge from various federal departments: Public Works and Government Services Canada, Justice Canada, Treasury Board Secretariat, and Human Resources and Skills Development Canada.

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Footnote 4

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 5

Of CIDA's $3,932 million in total ODA, $3,693 million was through aid programs in the form of grants, contributions, and other transfer payments, and $238.5 million was for administrative costs.

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Footnote 6

Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)

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Footnote 7

Includes emergency food assistance ($305,773,538).

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Footnote 8

Does not include emergency food assistance, which is included in Food Security spending.

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Footnote 9

Includes health, education and social services not targeting children or youth.

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Footnote 10

Includes activities such as debt forgiveness, relief of multilateral debt or debt buy-back.

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Footnote 11

The Micronutrient Initiative

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Footnote 12

GAVI Alliance—Formerly the "Global Alliance for Vaccines and Immunisation".

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Footnote 13

A value chain is the system of activities required to bring a product or service from its conception, through different production steps, to its delivery to consumers, and ultimately its final disposal after use.

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Footnote 14

In total, CIDA contributed $161.1 million to this cause, from December 2010 to May 2012.

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Footnote 15

OECD-Aid statistics

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Footnote 16

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 17

International Development Association (IDA)

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Footnote 18

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 19

On April 3, 2012, it was announced that Rights & Democracy would be closed and its functions transferred to DFAIT.

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Footnote 20

On May 18, 2012, the Minister of International Trade ordered the suspension of the INC program. The program will remain suspended until at least the completion of a fundamental review of the program, expected later in 2012-2013, which will now also include a review of the system of internal controls within the program.

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Footnote 21

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 22

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 23

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 24

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 25

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 26

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 27

Details on partners and disbursements can be found in the 2012 Canadian Submission on Fast-Start Financing to the UNFCCC available at http://www.climatechange.gc.ca/default.asp?lang=En&n=5F50D3E9-1

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Footnote 28

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 29

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 30

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 31

The overall budgetary appropriation is only divided by section (not activities) in accordance with the financial regulations.

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Footnote 32

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 33

The assistance reported meets the requirements of the Official Development Assistance Accountability Act and is consistent with the reporting guidelines for development assistance prepared by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD).

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Footnote 34

Data are from the 2010 United Nations Human Development Report. The GII is based on 2008 data. Ranking are for 169 countries in total. Data are unavailable for the Caribbean and six other countries in which CIDA engages in international development.

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Footnote 35

The child mortality figures are taken from the 2011 UNICEF State of the World's Children Report, which is based on 2009 data, and the 2007 UNICEF State of the World's Children report, which is based on 2005 data. The gross enrolment rates for primary education are taken from the 2011 UNESCO Education for All Global Monitoring Report, which is based on 2008 data, and the 2010 UNESCO Global Monitoring Report, which is based on 2007 data.

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Footnote 36

Since the publication of the 2010-2011 Departmental Performance Report, the name of this branch has been changed to Partnerships with Canadians Branch.

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Alternate Format

Report to Parliament on the Government of Canada's Official Development Assistance 2011-2012 (PDF, 54 pages, 1.42 MB)

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