Geographic programs provide development assistance in a specific country or region. As part of the aid effectiveness agenda, DFATD focuses its development assistance to achieve the greatest impact. About 80 percent of geographic (or bilateral) programming goes to 20 countries of focus.
DFATD's geographic programs address the needs of the recipient country. The programs are typically based on a development plan created by the government of the recipient country. After consultations, DFATD designs a strategy to guide Canada's program investment. The strategy reflects Canada's priority themes, while helping the country to achieve the Millennium Development Goals.
DFATD may take the lead in developing a design and request proposals from organizations for its implementation. Organizations may also submit concepts to CIDA within the context of the country strategy. When conditions are appropriate, DFATD may provide funding directly to a partner government to support its development activities.
DFATD's partners may include the recipient government, multilateral institutions, non-government organizations, other donors, universities, associations or private corporations.
Canada also works at the regional level with regional institutions or several countries. Regional programs are used when effective solutions to a common problem require regional cooperation.