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ARCHIVED - Small and Medium Enterprise (SME) Program Review — Egypt

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This Review was conducted jointly with the Project Evaluation and Macroeconomic Analysis Unit of the Egyptian Ministry of International Cooperation.

Since 1989 the Egypt Program has invested $78.8 million in Small and Medium Enterprise development and related activities. Supported activities include: provision of non-financial business development services; labour-market reforms; micro-credit for women; promotion of "green" businesses; and, child labour mitigation methodologies.

The overall conclusion of the Review is that CIDA has achieved important results over the last five years in terms of its SME programming and integrating the principles of Strengthening Aid Effectiveness (SAE) into the Program. The Program has undertaken a range of experiments at both the project and program level that have had a positive influence on the environment for fostering SME development and the competitiveness of SMEs. The Program continues to have strong potential for influencing SME development in Egypt, despite its declining size. Since the Program is only midway through the current CDPF, a number of recommendations are put forward to maximize its impact over the next five years, including the development of a Performance Measurement Framework.

At the Agency level, the Review noted the direct link between practical implementation experience and policy influence, the need to integrate sustainability issues from the beginning and the human & knowledge resource intensive nature of integrating SAE principles into programming.

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