Amount in $M
|Partnerships with Canadians||1.30|
China has made substantial development progress in the last three decades. Its ongoing transition to a market system, decentralization of government services, and opening up of its economy have lifted more than 500 million people out of poverty.
Between 1981 and 2005, the number of people in China living on less than US$1.25/day dropped from 84 percent to 16 percent. China ranks 101 out of 187 countries on the United Nations Development Programme's 2011 human development index and has met most of the Millennium Development Goals.
Despite these significant achievements, China's development still lags in several key areas. Important issues relating to human rights, rule of law, working conditions, and environmental protection remain to be addressed. A significant number of China's citizens—including many of its 200 million migrant workers and 100 million ethnic minorities—have been marginalized from the benefits of China's economic growth and social service system. Ethnic minority groups face additional challenges concerning the preservation of their languages and cultural heritage.
Over the last decade, China has launched reforms in its justice sector, including measures to increase access to legal services. It has put in place new labour laws to better protect worker rights and has relaxed the residency rules for migrant workers. It has also established programs to assist rural and remote communities, including ethnic minority areas. The implementation of these reforms, however, has been uneven, and serious challenges remain.
As the world's most populated country and an increasingly influential member of the international community, it is important that China, a model for many other developing countries, implement its international human rights and environmental protection commitments.
China is seeking international expertise to make its reforms more effective.
The goal of CIDA's program in China is to promote human rights and sound environmental management.
Canada does not provide financial support to the Government of China. Instead, CIDA funding supports the delivery of technical expertise by Canadian organizations to Chinese agencies that are implementing human rights and environmental reforms.
CIDA works at local levels to improve the implementation of human rights reforms for marginalized groups such as migrant workers and ethnic minorities. This includes improving access to legal services for marginalized groups and strengthening the capacity of legal professionals to guarantee due process of law.
CIDA also provides expertise to support reforms that prevent labour exploitation; improve working conditions; and resolve workplace disputes for migrant workers.
CIDA supports ethnic minority rights by promoting community development in ethnic minority areas.
CIDA focuses on strengthening environmental management policies to:
CIDA provides research-based high-level international expert advice on environment and development policies.
Increasing environmental sustainability is one of CIDA's cross-cutting themes.
China adheres to the Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness (PDF, 317 KB, 23 pages) and leads in donor alignment and local ownership. It has a strong track record of implementing and replicating development approaches based on advice received from Canada and other donor countries.
Note: If you cannot access the documents that are provided in an alternate format, refer to the Help page.