Amount in $M
|Partnerships with Canadians||5.94|
After 30 years of struggle, Mozambique is a post-conflict success story of peacebuilding, democratic development, and economic growth. In spite of domestic, regional, and international constraints, Mozambique is achieving sustainable development, demonstrating what aid, debt relief, and good governance can achieve in one of the most impoverished countries of the world.
Mozambique has vast and untapped natural resources that can support the development of agriculture, forestry, mining, fishing, energy and tourism. Despite the global economic crisis, Mozambique's economy grew by 6.6 percent in 2010, above the 4.7 percent average for sub-Saharan African countries.
Yet, even with this impressive and sustained economic growth, Mozambique only ranks 184 out of 187 countries on the United Nations Development Programme's 2011 human development index. Currently, about 60 percent of Mozambique's population of 21 million lives on less than US$1.25/day. Yearly flooding and drought threaten food security and rural livelihoods. Among other obstacles that contribute to ongoing poverty is the deep-rooted lack of equality between women and men.
Mozambique's agricultural sector accounts for 22 percent of the GDP and is the primary engine of overall growth. Approximately 80 percent of the labour force is employed in that sector, the majority through small-scale subsistence farming. In addition, a small number of commercial farms earn export revenues from such commodities as prawns and fish, cotton, sugar, timber, tobacco and cashews. The government recently made food production a priority and developed an action plan to achieve this goal.
Canada and other donors provide direct support to the national budget of Mozambique to assist in implementing its Poverty Reduction Action Plan (PARP) (PDF, 662 KB, 42 pages) and maintaining Mozambique's focus on reducing poverty, improving living conditions, and enhancing public financial management systems.
In 2009, as part of Canada's new aid effectiveness agenda, Mozambique was selected by CIDA as a country of focus. CIDA's program in Mozambique is directly aligned with the Government of Mozambique's 2006-2010 PRSP.
Canada, one of the lead bilateral donors in Mozambique, is supporting the Government of Mozambique in securing a future for children and youth — by improving education and health — and in stimulating sustainable economic growth. CIDA will remain a strong champion in promoting equality between women and men in education, health and economic growth, all of which are key to reducing poverty in Mozambique.
CIDA focuses on increasing access to and quality of education, as well as improving access to quality health care, including the country's response to the HIV/AIDS crisis. CIDA also works with other donors to strengthen the capacity of the ministries of Education and Health so that they can plan, implement, monitor and evaluate their policies and programs in a more effective way.
CIDA supports the Mozambican government's programs in economic growth through general budget support and, in the past, through agricultural programs. To ensure that the Government of Mozambique's programs in education, health, and income-generation can achieve their goals, CIDA also provides support to public sector reform and the strengthening of the national statistics system.
The Government of Mozambique works with donors to ensure that the country's development priorities are supported in a harmonized, effective, and efficient manner. The 2011-2014 PARP was endorsed by the donor community. Development assistance in Mozambique is framed by a sophisticated relationship between donors and the Government of Mozambique. Canada is an active and respected donor within this structure, and Canadian influence has had concrete results in the past.
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