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Foreign Affairs, Trade and Development Canada

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Mozambique

Table of Contents

International development projects in Mozambique

International development projects in Mozambique

CIDA disbursements in Mozambique

2011-2012
Total: $108.39 million
Pupils outside Bambatela School. © ACDI-CIDA/Jean-François LeBlanc

Overview

After 30 years of struggle, Mozambique is a post-conflict success story of peacebuilding, democratic development, and economic growth. In spite of domestic, regional, and international constraints, Mozambique is achieving sustainable development, demonstrating what aid, debt relief, and good governance can achieve in one of the most impoverished countries of the world.

Mozambique has vast and untapped natural resources that can support the development of agriculture, forestry, mining, fishing, energy and tourism.  Despite the global economic crisis, Mozambique's economy grew by 6.6 percent in 2010, above the 4.7 percent average for sub-Saharan African countries.

Yet, even with this impressive and sustained economic growth, Mozambique only ranks 185 out of 187 countries on the United Nations Development Programme's 2012 human development index. Currently, about 60 percent of Mozambique's population of 23.9 million lives on less than US$1.25/day. Yearly flooding and drought threaten food security and rural livelihoods. Among other obstacles that contribute to ongoing poverty is the deep-rooted lack of equality between women and men.

Mozambique's agricultural sector accounts for 32 percent of the GDP and is the primary engine of overall growth. Approximately 80 percent of the labour force is employed in that sector, the majority through small-scale subsistence farming. In addition, a small number of commercial farms earn export revenues from such commodities as prawns and fish, cotton, sugar, timber, tobacco and cashews. The government recently made food production a priority and developed an action plan to achieve this goal.

Canada and other donors provide direct support to the national budget of Mozambique to assist in implementing its Poverty Reduction Action Plan (PARP) (PDF, 662 KB, 42 pages) and maintaining Mozambique's focus on reducing poverty, improving living conditions, and enhancing public financial management systems.

Thematic Focus

In 2009, as part of Canada's new aid effectiveness agenda, Mozambique was selected by Canada as a country of focus. Canada's international development program in Mozambique is directly aligned with the Government of Mozambique's 2006-2010 PRSP.

Canada, one of the lead bilateral donors in Mozambique, is supporting the Government of Mozambique in securing a future for children and youth — by improving education and health — and in stimulating sustainable economic growth. Canada will remain a strong champion in promoting equality between women and men in education, health and economic growth, all of which are key to reducing poverty in Mozambique.

Children and youth, including maternal, newborn and child health

Canada focuses on increasing access to and quality of education, as well as improving access to quality health care, including the country's response to the HIV/AIDS crisis. Canada also works with other donors to strengthen the capacity of the ministries of Education and Health so that they can plan, implement, monitor and evaluate their policies and programs in a more effective way.

Key anticipated results

  • Reduced maternal mortality from 500 per 100,000 live births in 2007.
  • Reduced mortality rate for children under the age of five from 135 per 1,000 live births in 2010.
  • Distributed teaching and learning materials.
  • Recruited more new teachers each year.

Economic growth

Canada supports the Mozambican government's programs in economic growth through general budget support and, in the past, through agricultural programs. To ensure that the Government of Mozambique's programs in education, health, and income-generation can achieve their goals, Canada also provides support to public sector reform and the strengthening of the national statistics system.

Key anticipated results

  • Improved the Government of Mozambique's capacity for budgeting, delivery, control, and oversight of public finances.
  • Developed poverty-focused policies, plans, and budgets that target the environment, HIV/AIDS, and equality between women and men.
  • Provided civil society with constructive, experience-based input into the government's development policies and plans.

Progress on Aid Effectiveness

The Government of Mozambique works with donors to ensure that the country's development priorities are supported in a harmonized, effective, and efficient manner. The 2011-2014 PARP was endorsed by the donor community. Development assistance in Mozambique is framed by a sophisticated relationship between donors and the Government of Mozambique. Canada is an active and respected donor within this structure, and Canadian influence has had concrete results in the past.

Achievements 2011-2012

Children and youth, including maternal, newborn and child health

  • Recruited and hired 1,688 additional doctors and nurses to improve availability of health care.
  • Provided anti-retroviral treatment for 250,000 HIV positive adults.
  • Supported a national campaign that vaccinated approximately 4 million children against measles and provided them with Vitamin A supplements.
  • Trained 100 tuberculosis clinicians and procured three GeneXpert machines, for improved diagnosis, in Sofala and Manica Province, increasing the number of tuberculosis cases detected and treated.
  • Supported the training and hiring of 8,500 new primary school teachers.

Food security

  • Contributed to a 6.3 percent increase in agriculture production between 2010 and 2011.
  • Supported the Mozambican Ministry of Agriculture to provide agricultural advice and services to 534,122 farmers.

Economic growth

  • Contributed to the introduction of new anti-corruption legislation, and legal protection for whistle-blowers.

Achievements 2010-2011

Children and youth, including maternal, newborn and child health

  • Helped provide antiretroviral treatment to more than 218,000 HIV-positive adults.
  • Helped increase the number of health workers to 63 per 100,000 people.
  • Helped increase the number of children receiving antiretroviral treatment from 14,510 in 2009 to 17,385 in 2010.
  • Helped increase the percentage of  women giving birth in health facilities with access to trained health providers to 64 percent in 2010, up from 54 percent in 2009.
  • Helped procure more than 14.1 million textbooks, maintaining a textbook-to-student ratio of 1:1.
  • Supported the hiring of 9,800 new primary school teachers, nearly all with professional training.

Food security

  • Helped provide agricultural extension services to more than 432,000 farmers, an increase of 14 percent since 2009.
  • Contributed to an increase of the amount of land under irrigation by 1,723 hectares.
  • Helped more than 4,200 associations, which represent 132,000 farmers, through agricultural extension services.

Economic growth

  • Helped improve data collection by the National Statistics Institute to guide policymaking.
  • Helped implement a public administration performance management system including training 850 public servants.

Achievements 2009-2010

Children and youth

  • Helped increase the enrolment rate of girls in Grade one to 75.3 percent.
  • Helped improve the supply of textbooks to students: the textbook-to-primary school student ratio is now 1:1. Eighty-five percent of students received core subject textbooks on time.
  • Helped expand bilingual education by providing 24,000 bilingual teacher training manuals throughout the country.
  • Contributed towards increasing the complete childhood immunization rate for children under one to 77 percent.

Food security

  • Helped improve agricultural production in key cereal crops by 8-10 percent annually over the past eight years.
  • Helped train 193,500 families in small-scale fisheries and agriculture.

Economic growth

  • Helped more than 2,000 women obtain savings and credit accounts with a microfinance institution.
  • Helped increase accountability capacity for the effective delivery of programs and the efficient use of resources in public financial management.

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